Axtell, James. The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial America. Oxford University Press, 1982.
Banner, Stuart. How the Indians Lost Their Land: Law and Power on the Frontier. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005.
Beverley, Robert. The History and Present State of Virginia (1705). Louis B. Wright, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1947. (A description of the Virginia Indians at the end of the 17th century.)
Bradby Jr., Kenneth. Pamunkey Speaks: Native Perspectives. BookSurge Publishing, 2008.
Craven, Wesley Frank. White, Red, and Black: The Seventeenth-Century Virginian. Charlottesville: The University Press of Florida, 1971. (has some errors because of when it was written, but it still has good information and is a good resource).
Egloff, Keith and Deborah Woodward. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia. Charlottesville, The University Press of Virginia, 1992.
Feest, Christian. The Powhatan Tribes - Indians of North America. Chelsea House Publications, 1989.
Feest, Christian. "Virginia Algonquians" in Handbook of North American Indians: Northeast, Volume 15. Bruce Trigger, ed. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.
Fritz, Jean. Double Life of Pocahontas. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1983. (An excellent children's book.)
Gleach, Frederic W. Powhatan's World and Colonial Virginia: A Conflict of Cultures. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
Harriot, Thomas. Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. New York: Dover Publications, 1972. (Includes the 1590 Theodor de Bray engravings (Roanoke).
Houck, Peter W. Indian Island in Amerherst County. Warwick House Publishing, 1993.
Hulton, Paul. America 1585: The Complete Drawings of John White. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
Kupperman, Karen Ordhal. Indians and English: Facing off in Early America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000.
Kupperman, Karen Ordhal. Settling with the Indians: The Meeting of the English and Indian Cultures in America, 1580-1640. Rowman and Littlefield, 1980.
McCary, Ben C. Indians in Seventeenth-Century Virginia. Williamsburg, Virginia: Virginia 350th Anniversary Celebration Corporation, 1957. (has some minor errors because of when written (like saying Siouan speakers are Sioux when they are not), but still a good resource)
Nash, Gary B. Red, White and Black: The Peoples of Early North America. Los Angeles: University of California, Fourth edition 2000.
Rountree, Helen C. and E. Randolph Turner III. Before and After Jamestown: Virginia's Powhatans and Their Predecessors. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2002.
Richter, Dr. Daniel K. Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America. Harvard University Press, 2003.
Rountree, Helen C. Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1997.
Rountree, Helen C. (editor) Powhatan Foreign Relations: 1500-1722. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993.
Rountree, Helen C. The Powhatan Indians of Virginia: Their Traditional Culture. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. (Good secondary source on Powhatan ethnography.)
Rountree, Helen C. Pocahontas's People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (Good secondary source on Powhatan history.)
Smith, John. "Map of Virginia" in Complete Works of Captain John Smith. Philip Barbour, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986. (Best primary source for Powhatan descriptions.)
Spelman, Henry. "Relation of Virginea" in Travels and Works of Captain John Smith. Edward Arber, ed. Edinburgh: John Grant, 1910. 1:ci-cxiv. (Good primary source from one who lived with the Powhatan Indians.)
Strachey, William. Historie of Travell into Virginia Britania (1612). Louis B. Wright and Virginia Freund, eds. London: Hakluyl Society, 1953.
Waugaman, Sandra F. and Danielle Moretti-Langholtz, PhD. We're Still Here: Contemporary Virginia Indians Tell Their Stories. Richmond: Palari Publishing, revised edition 2006.
Wood, Karenne and Diane Shields. The Monacan Indians: Our Story. Monacan Indian Nation, 1999.
Now available online through the National Park Service is A Study of Virginia Indians and Jamestown: THE FIRST CENTURY by Danielle Moretti-Langholtz, Ph.D.
Last updated: September 4, 2022