"I love science. I hate supposition, superstition, exaggeration and falsified data. Show me the research, show me the results, show me the conclusions - and then show me some qualified peer reviews of all that." -Author: Claire Scovell LaZebnik

Heartland Network Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles, 2005 to Present

Bowles, D. E. 2020. An evaluation of Sabrosky’s cellosolve-xylene method for dry mounting adult insects from alcohol. Entomological News 129:418‒427.

Bowles, D. E. 2020. Caddisfly (Insecta: Trichoptera) diversity at three national parks located at in the Ozarks and tallgrass prairie transitional zone, Arkansas and Missouri, USA. Ecoscience 27:223–234.

Bowles, D. E. 2020. Vascular aquatic plants of Mammoth Spring, Arkansas. J. Torrey Botanical Society 147:87‒93.

Bowles, D. E., C. Cheri, F. D. Usrey, and J. M. Williams. 2020. Caddisflies (Trichoptera) of the Buffalo National River, Arkansas. 2020. Insecta Mundi 0770:1‒17.

Bowles, D. E., and Greg Courtney. 2020. The aquatic Neuropterida of Iowa. Proceedings Entomological Society of Washington 122:556‒565.

Cheri, C. R., and D. E. Bowles. 2020. Erythranthe geyeri (Torr.) G.L. Nesom (roundleaf monkeyflower) rediscovered in Missouri. Missouriensis 37: 39‒44.

Kissoon-Charles, L., C. R. Cheri, and D. E. Bowles. 2020. Landoltia punctata (Araceae), a new record for the Ozarks. Great Lakes Botanist 59:229‒233.

Morrison L. W., S. A. Leis, and M. D. DeBacker. 2020. Interobserver error in grassland vegetation surveys: sources and implications. J Plant Ecol 13:641–648. Available at 

Rhodes, R. G., B. C. Poulton, W. R. Mabee, and D. E. Bowles. 2020. Larval diet of the rare caddisfly Glyphopsyche missouri (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) in Missouri, USA. Proceedings Entomological Society of Washington 122:1026‒1030.

Bowles, D. E. 2019. A dobsonfly, Corydalus cornutus (Megaloptera: Corydalidae), from Arkansas with aberrant mandibles. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 73:119‒120.

Bowles, D. E., and C. R. Cheri. 2019. Aquatic vegetation of springs at Buffalo National River, Arkansas. Castanea 84:224‒237.

Bowles, D. E., and A. Contreras-Ramos. 2019. Chapter 16, Megaloptera and aquatic Neuroptera, pp. 569-584 in Merritt, R. W., K.W. Cummins, and M.B. Berg (editors), Aquatic Insects of North America. 5th ed. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.

Mabee, W., A. Schuhmann, B. Poulton, J. Girondo, W. Swee, T. Buckley, D. Bowles, B. Bowles, and R. Rhodes. 2019. Reaffirmed occurrence of two Ozark endemic, critically imperiled and vulnerable caddisfly species of conservation concern at Maramec Spring Branch in Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO. Science Notes 14:1‒2.

Morrison, L. W., S. N. Bingham, and C. C. Young. 2019. Inter-observer error in wetland vegetation surveys. Wetlands. Published online June 27, 2019 at

Short, M. F., M. C., Stambaugh, and D. C. Dey. 2019. Prescribed fire effects on oak woodland advance regeneration at the prairie–forest border in Kansas, USA. Canandian Journal of Forest Research 49:1570–1579.

Bowles, D. E., L. W. Morrison, and J. T. Cribbs. 2018. Aquatic invertebrate community structure, biological condition, habitat, and water-quality at Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri, 2005‒2014. Proc. Ark. Acad. Sci. 72:67‒80.

Scholtz, R., S. D. Fuhlendorf, S. A. Leis, J. J. Picotte, and D. Twidwell. 2018. Quantifying variance across spatial scales as part of fire regime classifications. Ecosphere 9(7):e02343. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2343.

Bowles, D.E. 2018. Introduced Japanese burrowing cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Velarifictorus (Velarifictorus) micado) range continues to expand in North America. Journal of Orthoptera Research 27(2):177‒181.

Bowles, D. E., J. A. Hinsey, T. Cribbs, F. D. Usrey, L. W. Morrison. 2017. Long-term aquatic invertebrate monitoring at Buffalo National River, Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 71:83‒96.

Symstad A. J., and S. A. Leis. 2017. Woody encroachment in Northern Great Plains grasslands: Perceptions, actions, and needs. Natural Areas Journal 37:118‒127.

Leis, S. A., and J. S. Greene. 2017. From working group to community of practice: patch burn-grazing working group. Natural Areas Journal 37:128‒137.

Bowles, D. E, and B. D. Bowles. 2017. Non-native species of the major spring systems of Texas, U.S.A. Texas Journal of Science 67:51‒78.

Leis, S. A., C. E. Blocksome, D. Twidwell, S. D. Fuhlendorf, J. M. Briggs, and L. D. Sanders. Juniper invasions in grasslands: information needs and intervention strategies. Rangelands 39: 64‒72.

Briggler, M. L., B. E. Jamison, and S. A. Leis. 2017. Effects of patch-burn grazing on vegetative composition of tallgrass prairie remnants in Missouri. Natural Areas Journal 37(3):322‒331.

Young, C. C., J. C. Bell, C. S. Gross, L. W. Morrison, and J. L. Haack-Gaynor. 2017. Point mapping integrates data collection and weed control operations. Invasive Plant Management 10:33‒43.

Morrison, L. W. 2017. Insular plant turnover across a 22-year interval: a critical retrospective of the roles of pseudoturnover and cryptoturnover. Journal of Biogeography 44: 1007‒1017.

Bowles, D. E. 2017. Lysimachia nummularia (Primulaceae): a non-native plant occurring in Ozark springs. Missourensis 34:27‒33.

Bowles, D. E., L. J. Kleinsasser, and T. A. Jurgensen. 2016. Environmental determinates of stream caddisfly (Trichoptera) diversity in eastern Texas, USA. Transactions Kansas Academy of Science 119:281‒298.

Morrison, L. W., and C. C. Young. 2016. Standardization and quality control in data collection and assessment of threatened plant species. Special issue on Biodiversity and Species Traits. Data 1(3), 20. Available at

Morrison, L. W., and C. C. Young. 2016. Observer error in sampling a rare plant population. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9:289‒297.

Morrison, L. W. 2016. Observer error in vegetation surveys: A review. Journal of Plant Ecology 9:367‒379.

Bowles, D. E., and A. Contreras-Ramos. 2016. First record of the family Sialidae (Megaloptera) from Thailand and description of the putative larva and female of Indosialis bannaensis. Zootaxa 4114:485‒491.

Clark, M. K., and H. R. Dodd. 2016. Influence of a spring on fish communities and habitat in an Ozark stream. Natural Areas Journal 36:72‒80.

Westhoff, J. T., C. Paukert, S. Ettinger-Dietzel, H. Dodd, and M. Siepker. 2016. Behavioural thermoregulation and bioenergetics of riverine smallmouth bass associated with ambient cold-period thermal refuge. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 25:72‒85.

Morrison, L. W. 2016. The ecology of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on islands. Myrmecological News 23:1‒14

Bowles, D. E., and R. W. Sites. 2015. Alderflies, fishflies and dobsonflies (Insecta: Megaloptera) of the Interior Highlands, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 141:405‒429.

Bowles, D. E., and H. R. Dodd. 2015. The floristics and community ecology of aquatic vegetation occurring in seven large springs at Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 9:235‒249.

Heth, R. L., D. E. Bowles, and J. E. Havel. 2015. Potential impacts of stream crossing traffic on macroinvertebrate communities in a Missouri Ozark River. River Research and Applications. Published on-line DOI: 10.002/rra.2898:1‒10.

Bowles, D. E. 2015. New distributional records for Neotropical spongillaflies (Neuroptera: Sisyridae). Insecta Mundi 0400:1‒7.

Bowles, D. E., A. Contreras-Ramos, and M. A. Sarmiento-Cordero. 2015. New distributional records for pleasing lacewings (Neuroptera: Dilaridae, Nallachius spp.) in the Americas. Insecta Mundi 0406:1‒10

Morrison, L. W, J. L. Haack, M. D. DeBacker, and C. C. Young. 2015. A 20-year record of the western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praclaera): population dynamics and modeling of precipitation effects. Natural Areas Journal 35:246‒255

Ettinger-Dietzel, S. A., H. R. Dodd, J. T. Westhoff, and M. J. Siepker. 2015. Movement and habitat selection patterns of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) in an Ozark river. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/02705060.2015.1025867.

Morrison, L. W. 2015. Species assembly patterns in Polynesian ants. Pacific Science 69:81‒94

Morrison, L. W. 2014. The small island effect: empty islands, temporal variability, and the importance of species composition. Journal of Biogeography 41:1007‒1017

Morrison, L. W. 2014. The ants of remote Polynesia revisited. Insectes Sociaux 61:217‒228

Bowles, D. E, J. Bolli, M. Clark. 2013. Aquatic invertebrate community trends and water quality at Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska, 1996‒2011. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 116:97‒112.

Bowles, D. E. 2013. First record of Limnobium spongia from the Ozarks physiographic region. Castanea 78:37.

Bowles, D. E., and B. D. Bowles. 2013. Evidence of overwintering in water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, in southwestern Missouri, U.S. A. Rhodora 115:112–114.

Bowles, D. E., D. G. Peitz, and J. T. Cribbs. 2013. Aquatic invertebrate community structure in the Niobrara River, Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Nebraska, 1996‒2009. Great Plains Research 23:1‒10.

Bowles, D. E., R. G. Robbins, H. J. Harlan, and T. L. Carpenter. 2013. New Missouri County records and review of the distribution and disease vector potential of Ornithodoros kelleyi (Arachnida: Ixodida: Argasidae) and Cimex adjunctus (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 115:117‒127.

Bowles, D. E., and R. W. Sites. 2013. Merope tuber (Mecoptera: Meropeidae) from the Interior Highlands of the Unites States. Entomological News 123:155‒160.

Leis, S. A., L. W. Morrison, and M. D. DeBacker. 2013. Spatiotemporal variation in vegetation structure resulting from pyric-herbivory. The Prairie Naturalist 45:13‒20.

Marlow, T., M. DeBacker, and C. Young. 2013. Managing vegetation for children: Enhancing free-play opportunities through direct management. Park Science 30:44‒47.

Morrison, L. W. 2013. Nestedness in insular floras: spatiotemporal variation and underlying mechanisms. Journal of Plant Ecology 6:480‒488.

Morrison, L. W. 2013. Island flora and fauna: equilibrium and nonequilibrium. Pp 121‒132 in Rohde, K. (ed.), The Balance of Nature and Human Impact, Cambridge University Press.

Morrison, L. W. 2012. Biological control of Solenopsis fire ants by Pseudacteon parasitoids: Theory and practice. Psyche, vol. 2012 (Special issue on Ants and their Parasites), Article ID 424817, 11 pages, doi:10.1155/2012/424817.

DeBacker, M. D., J. S. Heywood, and L. W. Morrison. 2011. Optimized frequency measures for monitoring trends in tallgrass prairie. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64:301‒308.

DeBacker, M., and Others. 2009. Science Communications: Successful Strategies for Collaboration. Pages 37‒40 in Harmon, D., and S. Weber (eds): Rethinking Protected Areas in a Changing World: Program & Abstracts. Portland, Oregon. March 2‒6, 2009. George Wright Society. Hancock, Mich.

Morrison, L. W., and D. G. Peitz. 2011. Black-tailed prairie dog population dynamics at Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska: A 28-year record. Western North American Naturalist 71:49‒55.

Leis, S. A., and L. W. Morrison. 2011. Field test of digital photography biomass estimation technique in tallgrass prairie. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64:99‒103.

Morrison, L. W. 2010. Long-term non-equilibrium dynamics of insular floras: A 17-year record. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19:663‒672.

Morrison, L. W. 2010. Disequilibrial island turnover dynamics: A 17-year record of Bahamian ants. Journal of Biogeography 37:2148‒2157.

DeBacker, M., and Others. 2009. Science communications: Successful strategies for collaboration. Pages 37‒40 in Harmon, D., and S. Weber S (eds): Rethinking Protected Areas in a Changing World : Program & Abstracts. Portland, Oregon. March 2‒6, 2009. George Wright Society. Hancock, Mich.

Young, C. C. and J. L. Haack. 2009. A rapid, invasive plant survey method for national park units with a cultural resource focus. PARKScience 26(2).

Young, C. C., L. W. Morrison, and J. L. Haack. 2009. Factors affecting transformer plant species distribution in Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 112:57‒66.

Young, C. C., L. W. Morrison, and J. L. Haack. 2009. Habitat relationships and management implications for Lesquerella filiformis Rollins (Missouri bladderpod) on a xeric limestone prairie. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136:233‒241.

Maloney, K. O., H. R. Dodd, S. E. Butler, and D. H. Wahl. 2008. Changes in macroinvertebrate and fish assemblages in a medium sized river following a breach of a low-head dam. Freshwater Biology 53:1055‒1068.

Morrison, L. W. 2008. Patterns of nestedness in remote Polynesian ant faunas. Pacific Science 62:117‒127.

Morrison, L. W. 2008. The use of control charts to interpret environmental monitoring data. Natural Areas Journal 28:66‒73.

Morrison, L. W., D. R. Smith, C. C. Young, and D. W. Nichols. 2008. Evaluating sampling designs by computer simulation: a case study with the Missouri Bladderpod. Population Ecology 50:417‒425.

Morrison, L. W., and D. A. Spiller. 2008. Patterns and processes in insular floras affected by hurricanes. Journal of Biogeography 35:1701‒1710.

Young, C. C., L. W. Morrison, M. I. Kelrick, and M. D. DeBacker. 2008. Monitoring Lesuerella filliformis Rollins (Missouri Bladderpod): Application and evaluation of a grid-based survey appraoch. Natural Areas Journal 50:417‒425.

Bowles, D. E., A. Contreras-Ramos, and R. W. Sites. 2007. Gynomorphic mandible morphology in the dobsonfly, Corydalus cornutus. Journal of Insect Science 7:23 (5 pp.), available online:

Heywood, J. S., and M. D. DeBacker. 2007. Optimal sampling designs for monitoring plant frequency. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60:426‒434.

Morrison, L. W. 2007. Assessing the reliability of ecological monitoring data: Power analysis and alternative approaches. Natural Areas Journal 27:83‒91.

Tiemann, J. S., H. R. Dodd, N. Owens, D. H. Wahl. 2007. Effects of lowhead dams on unionids in the Fox River, Illinois. Northeastern Naturalist 14:125‒138.

Bowles, D. E. 2006. Spongillaflies (Neuroptera: Sisyridae) of North America with a key to the larvae and adults. Zootaxa 1357:1‒19.

Locklin, J. L., T. L. Arsuffi, and D. E. Bowles. 2006. Life history of Sialis (Megaloptera: Sialidae) in a lentic and lotic ecosystem in central Texas. American Midland Naturalist 155:50‒62.

McLaughlin, R. L., L. Porto, D. L. G. Noakes, J. R. Baylis, L. M. Carl, H. R. Dodd, J. D. Goldstein, D. B. Hayes, and R. Randall. 2006. Effects of low-head dams on stream fishes: taxonomic affiliations and morphological correlates of sensitive species. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources 63:766‒769.

Morrison, L. W., and D. A. Spiller. 2006. Land hermit crab (Coenobita clypeatus) densities and patterns of gastropod shell use on small Bahamian islands. Journal of Biogeography 33:314‒322.

Morrison, L. W. 2006. Mechanisms of coexistence and competition between ants and land hermit crabs in a Bahamian archipelago. Acta Oecologica 29:1‒8.

Morrison, L. W., and S. D. Porter. 2006. Post-release host-specificity testing of Pseudacteon tricuspis, a phorid parasitoid of Solenopsis invicta fire ants. BioControl, 51:195‒205.

Morrison, L. W. 2006. The ants of small Bahamian cays. Bahamas Naturalist and Journal of Science 1:27‒32.

Peitz, D.G., and J. T. Cribbs. 2006. Results from a decade of black-tailed prairie dog monitoring. Pages 349-358 in North American Prairie Conference. Kearney, Nebraska. July 23‒26, 2006. University of Nebraska, Kearney

Baumgardner, D., and D. Bowles. 2005. Preliminary survey of the mayflies (Ephemeroptera) and caddisflies (Trichoptera) of Big Bend Ranch State Park and Big Bend National Park. Journal of Insect Science 5:28 (13 pp.), available online:

McAvin, J. C., E. M. Escamilla, J.A. Blow, M. J. Turell, M. Quintana, D. E. Bowles, J. A. Swaby, W. J. Barnes, W. B. Huff, K. L. Lohman, D. H. Atchley, J. R. Hickman, D. M. Niemeyer. 2005. Rapid identification of dengue virus by RT-PCR using field-deployable instrumentation. Military Medicine 170:1053‒1059.

McAvin, J. C., D. E. Bowles, J. A. Swaby, K. W. Blount, J. A. Blow, M. Quintana, J. R. Hickman, D. H. Atchley, D. M. Niemeyer. 2005. Identification of Aedes aegypti and its respective life stages by real-time PCR. Military Medicine 170:1060‒1065.

Morrison, L. W., and S. D. Porter. 2005. Testing for population-level impacts of introduced Pseudacteon tricuspis flies, phorid parasitoids of Solenopsis invicta fire ants. Biological Control 33:9‒19.

Morrison, L. W., and S. D. Porter. 2005. Phenology and parasitism rates of introduced populations of Pseudacteon tricuspis, a parasitoid of Solenopsis invicta. BioControl 50:127‒141.

Morrison, L. W., S. D. Porter, and M. D. Korzukhin. 2005. Predicted range expansion of the invasive fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, in the eastern United States based on the VEMAP global warming scenario. Diversity and Distributions 11:199‒204.

Morrison, L. W. 2005. Arthropod diversity and allochthonous-based food webs on tiny oceanic islands. Diversity and Distributions 11:517‒524.

Thomas, L.P. 1996. Population ecology of a winter annual (Lesquerella filiformis Rollins) in a patchy environment. Natural Areas Journal 16:216226

Thomas, L. P., and G. D. Willson. 1992. Effect of experimental trampling on the federally endangered species, Lesquerella filiformis Rollins, at Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, Missouri. Natural Areas Journal 12(2):101‒105.

Last updated: April 19, 2021