History & Culture

Fallen Timbers Sculpture
Fallen Timbers Monument

COURTESY Metroparks of the Toledo Area

Historical Overview

The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War, but it contained a provision that allowed the British to remain in the Northwest Territory until the United States resolved a land issue with Native Americans, who had been British allies. The Chippewa, Ottawa, Pottawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, Miami, and Wyandot tribes formed a federation to halt further U.S. incursions into their territory.

After a stunning defeat of General Anthony St. Clair's American troops in 1791 by the Native American federation under Chief Little Turtle, George Washington put General Anthony Wayne, a Revolutionary War hero, in charge of the Legion of the United States. The subsequent Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794 became the decisive point for resolving U.S. jurisdiction of the Old Northwest Territory.

Click here to learn about the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

Click here to learn about Fort Miamis.

Click here to learn about the War of 1812.

Last updated: April 10, 2015

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Mailing Address:

Metroparks of the Toledo Area
5100 W. Central Avenue

Toledo, OH 43615


(419) 407-9700

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