In Minnesota, discontent among the Northwestern Shoshoni tribe led to raids under Chief Bear Hunter during the winter of 1862-63. Such raids provoked a Federal retaliation. Colonel Patrick E. Connor set out from Fort Douglas, Utah, in January 1863 towards Chief Bear Hunter'³ camp, near present-day Preston, Idaho at Bear River. The subsequent massacre claimed over 250 Native American lives, approximately 100 more lives lost than at the infamous Wounded Knee Massacre almost thirty years later. Bear Hunter'³ life too was lost on that cold day in 1863.