As a Confederate commander, Jean Jacques Alfred Alexander Mouton, served in the Louisiana militia prior to 1861. In 1861, he joined the 18th Louisiana Infantry. In October 1862, he received the rank of brigadier general. He commanded the Confederate forces at Georgia Landing. In the Battle of Shiloh, he was wounded, after which he was assigned to western Louisiana. On April 8, 1864, he was killed leading a charge in the battle for Mansfield in Louisiana.