Battle Unit Details

UNION REGULAR ARMY

1st Regiment, US Artillery (Regular Army)

Overview:
BATTERY "A" 1st ARTILLERY.

Stationed at Fortress Monroe, Va., January, 1861. Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., Dept. of the South, June, 1861, to September, 1862. Defences of New Orleans, La., Dept. Gulf, to February, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1863. Defences of New Orleans, La., to January, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1864.

Service:
-Embarked on Steamer "Brooklyn" for Fort Pickens, Fla., January 24, 1861, arriving in Pensacola Harbor February 6. Garrison duty at Fort Pickens till May, 1862. Action on Santa Rosa Island October 9, 1861. Bombardment of Forts McRae and Barrancas, Pensacola Harbor, November 22-23, 1861, and January 1, 1862. Capture of Forts McRae and Barrancas May 9. Moved to Pensacola May 13, and duty there till August. Moved to New Orleans, La. August 30-September 3, and duty in the defences of that city till January, 1863. Expedition up Bayou Teche January 11-18. Engagement with Steamer "Cotton" January 14. Moved to Baton Rouge, La. Expedition against Port Hudson March 7-27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland, near Centreville April 12-13. Jeanerette April 14. Vermillion Bayou April 17. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-16. Moved to Port Hudson May 18-23. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Donaldsonville July 13, thence to Baton Rouge, La., August 2. Sabine Pass (Texas) Expedition September 2-12. Duty at New Orleans, La., till January, 1864. Expedition to Madisonville January 3. Garrison duty at New Orleans till July. Moved to New York July 27-August 3, thence to Washington, D.C. Consolidated with Battery "F," 1st Artillery, and remounted. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps, till September, 1865, when resumed separate organization.

BATTERY "B" 1st ARTILLERY.

Stationed at Fort Taylor, Key West, Fla., January, 1861, to June, 1862. Attached to District Key West, Fla., Dept. South, January to June, 1862. District Beaufort, S.C., Dept. South, to September, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, to March, 1863. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, to July, 1863. Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps, to September, 1863. Folly Island, S.C., Gordon's Division, 10th Corps, to January, 1864. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, to February, 1864. Light Brigade, District Florida, Dept. South, to April, 1864. 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Kautz's Cavalry Division, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

Service:
-Duty at Fort Taylor, Key West, Fla., till June, 1862. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., thence to Beaufort, S.C., June 18-21, and duty there till March 20, 1863. Expedition to destroy Charleston & Savannah Railroad October 21-24. Battle of Pocotaligo, S.C., October 22. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., March 20. Expedition against Charleston, S.C., April 5-13. Siege operations from Folly Island, S.C., against Morris Island, S.C., May to July. Attack on Morris Island July 10. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston, S.C., July 11-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. Moved to Folly Island, and duty there till November 26. Moved to Kiowah Island November 26, thence to Hilton Head, S.C., January 24, 1864. Expedition to Florida February 5-7. Capture of Jacksonville February 7. Expedition from Jacksonville to Lake City, Fla., April 7-22. Ten Mile Run, near Camp Finnegan, February 8. Barber's Place February 10. Lake City February 11. Battle of Olustee February 20. McGirt's Creek, Cedar Creek, March 1. Cedar Run April 2. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April 25-May 4. Butler's operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 5-28. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred May 20-21. Duty in trenches at Bermuda Hundred till May 28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Staunton River Bridge or Roanoke Station June 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Duty at Point of Rocks, near Petersburg, till September. Demonstration on north side of the James September 28-30. Battle of Chaffin's Farm September 28-30. Johnson's Farm, Darbytown Road, October 7. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In trenches north of the James till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 27-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-April 2. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Richmond, Va., till October, 1865. Dismounted and ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor.

BATTERY "C" 1st ARTILLERY.

Stationed at Fortress Monroe, Va., January, 1861. Attached to District Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia, April, 1861, to February, 1862. Unattached, Burnside's North Carolina Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. Unattached, Dept. North Carolina, to December, 1862. Artillery Brigade, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 18th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina and Dept. of the South, to April, 1863. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, Dept. South, to June, 1863. Folly Island, S.C., 10th Corps, to July, 1863. Morris Island, S. C., 10th Corps, to December, 1863. Fort Macon, N. C., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, to October, 1864. Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, to October, 1865.

Service:
-Garrison at Fortress Monroe, Va., till February, 1862. Ordered to the field in North Carolina February 12. At Fort Hatteras, N. C., till March 12. Burnside's Expedition against New Berne March 12-14. Battle of New Berne February 14. Capture of Morehead City March 23. Operations against Fort Macon March 23-April 25. Capture of Fort Macon April 25. Garrison duty at Fort Macon till January, 1863. Foster's Expedition to Port Royal, S.C., January 26-February 5. At St. Helena Island and Hilton Head, S. C., till June. Expedition against Charleston April 3-13. Moved to Folly Island, S.C., June. Attacked on Morris Island, S.C., July 10. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston, S.C., July 11-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. On Ordnance duty till January, 1864. At Fort Macon, N. C., and in the Dept. of North Carolina till July. Joined Battery "D," 1st Artillery, before Petersburg, Va., July 25, and temporarily consolidated with it. Siege of Petersburg, Va., till October. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Deep Bottom August 14. Deep Run August 15. Russell's Mills August 16. Strawberry Plains August 16-18. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Laurel Hill October 7. Duty north of the James before Richmond till October 31. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Detached from Battery "D" and moved to Concord, N.H., October 31-November 5, thence to Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, November 28, and duty there till October, 1865.

BATTERY "D" 1st ARTILLERY.

Stationed at Washington, D.C., February, 1861. Attached to Fort Washington, Md., April to December, 1861. Fort Taylor, Fla., Dept. of the South, to June, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., Dept. of the South, to September, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army James, to August, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 25th Army Corps, to November, 1865.

Service:
-Moved to Fort Washington, Md., April 15, 1861, and duty there till December. Ordered to Fort Taylor, Fla., December 21, and duty there till June 18, 1862. Moved to Hilton Head, thence to Beaufort, S.C., June 18-21, and duty there till April, 1864. Action at Port Royal Ferry July 4, 1862. Pocotaligo, S.C., October 22, 1862 (Detachment). Expedition against Charleston April 3-12. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April, 1864. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., May 4-June 15. Occupation of City Point May 5. Port Walthal May 7. Swift Creek May 9. Chester Station May 10. Proctor's Creek May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Defences of Bermuda Hundred May 20-21. Duty in the Defences of Bermuda Hundred till June 15. Petersburg June 9. Assaults on Petersburg June 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Demonstration north of the James River August 13-20, 1864. Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Russell's Mills August 16. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown Road October 7. Duty in trenches north of James before Richmond till April, 1865. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28, 1864. Occupation of Richmond April 3, 1865. Moved to Rio Grande, Texas, May, 1865. Duty at Ringgold Barracks till November, then ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor.
Soldiers:
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