Battle Unit Details


85th Regiment, New York Infantry

Organized at Elmira, N. Y., and mustered in December 2, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., December 3, 1861. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, to September, 1862. Wessell's Brigade, Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. District of the Albemarle, Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1863. Sub-District of the Albemarle, District of North Carolina, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Plymouth, N. C., District of North Carolina, January to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Division District of Beaufort, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1865. Unattached, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865.

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Moved to the Peninsula, Va., March 28. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Reconnoissance toward Lee's Mills April 29. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Reconnoissance to Bottom's Bridge May 20-23. Seven Pines, Savage Station and Chickahominy May 24. Reconnoissance to Seven Pines May 24-27. Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks May 31-June 1. New Market Road June 8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Bottom's Bridge June 27-28. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe August 16-23, thence to Suffolk, Va., September 18, and duty there till December. Reconnoissance to Franklin October 3. Blackwater October 9, 26, 29 and 30. Franklin October 31. Zuni November 18. Ordered to New Berne, N. C., December 4. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro, N. C., December 11-20. Actions at Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at New Berne, N. C., till April, 1863. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Moved to Plymouth, N. C., May 2, and duty there till July. Expedition to Williamston and Gardiner's Bridge July 5-7 (Detachment). Expedition from Plymouth to Foster's Mills July 26-29. Expedition to Roanoke Island August 6-13, and to Columbia August 26-27. Duty at Albemarle Sound and Chowan River till November. Expedition to Winton November 6-9. Regiment veteranize January 1, 1864. Expedition up the Chowan January 6-21. Harrellsville January 20 (Detachment). Siege of Plymouth, N. C., April 17-20. Surrendered at Plymouth April 20. Regiment reorganized January, 1865, and duty in the Dept. of North Carolina till June. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6-21. Battle of Wise's Fork March 8-10. Occupation of Kinston March 14, and of Goldsboro March 21. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina till June. Mustered out June 27, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 34 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 324 Enlisted men by disease. Total 361.
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