Battle Unit Details


1st Independent Battery, New York Light Artillery

Organized at Auburn, N. Y., and mustered in November 23, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., December 4, 1861. Attached to W. F. Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. W. F. Smith's 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 23-24. Action at Lee's Mills April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines' Mill June 27. Golding's Farm June 28. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison Landing till August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-24. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Hagerstown, Md., September 26-October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth, Va., till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 8. Salem Heights May 3-4. Deep Run Ravine June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Near Fairfield, Pa., July 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Reconnoissance to Madison Court House February 27-March 2, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Siege of Petersburg June 18-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 12-13. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Cedar Creek August 12. Charlestown August 21. Leetown August 28-29. Opequan Creek September 13. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault and capture of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville till April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18. March to Richmond, thence to Washington, D. C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 23, 1865.

Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 16 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 38 Enlisted men by disease. Total 56.

Predecessor Unit



Organized October, 1862, from Battery "A," 2nd Battalion, New York Light Artillery. Served by detachments as follows: First Section attached to Battery "C," 4th U. S. Artillery, October, 1862, to January 16, 1863, then to Battery "G," 1st New York Light Artillery, till September 7, 1863. Second Section attached to Battery "G," 1st New York Light Artillery, October, 1862, to September 7, 1863. Third Section attached to Battery "B," 1st New York Light Artillery, October, 1862, to September 7, 1863. These detachments transferred to above named Batteries permanently September 7, 1863. (See histories of each Battery.)

Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Enlisted men by disease. Total 9.

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