Battle Unit Details


1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry

Organized at Trenton, N. J., under authority of the War Department August 14, 1861, as Halsted's Cavalry. Left State for Washington, D. C.; four Companies August 24 and six Companies August 31, 1861. Attached to Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, to May, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahanncck, to June, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of Washington, to July, 1865.

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till May, 1862. Reconnoissance to Pohick Church, Va., December 18, 1861 (1 Co.). Lee's House, Occoquan Bridge, January 29, 1862 (Detachment). Transferred to State of New Jersey and designated 1st Cavalry February 19, 1862. Rappahannock River May 13. Staunton and Strasburg Road June 1-2. Woodstock June 2. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Reconnoissance to James City July 22-24. Operations about Orange Court House July 29. Barnett's Ford August 1. Slaughter House August 8. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 19. Brandy Station, Stevensburg and Raccoon Ford August 20. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Warrenton August 26. Faquier White Sulphur Springs August 27. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Bull Run August 30. Germantown and Centreville August 31. Chantilly August 31. In Defences of Washington September. Reconnoissance from Upton's Hill to Leesburg September 16-18 (2 Cos.). Expedition from Centreville to Warrenton September 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18. Near Upperville October 29 (Detachment). Aldie and Mountsville October 31. Salem, New Baltimore and Thoroughfare Gap November 4. Rappahannock Station November 7, 8 and 9. Snicker's Ferry, Berryville, November 30. Near Dumfries December 11. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Near Chantilly December 29. Near Fairfax Court House and Middleburg January 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Dover June 22. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Emmettsburg, Md., July 4. Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Reconnoissance to Ashby's Gap July 11-14. Ashby's Gap July 12. Near Harper's Ferry July 14. Shephardstown July 14-16. Scout to Goose Creek July 25-27. Rixeyville Ford August 5. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 8-22. Skirmishes at James City October 8-10. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Brentsville October 14. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Near Warrenton November 11. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Parker's Store November 29. Reconnoissance from Bealeton and Front Royal January 1-4, 1864. Scout from Warrenton to Piedmont February 17-18. Near Piedmont February 18 (Detachment). Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness, May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Corbin's Bridge May 8. Sheridan's Raid May 9-24. Davenport and Childsburg May 9. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Ashland May 11. Brooks' Church or fortifications of Richmond May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hawes' Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sumner's Upper Bridge, Sheridan's Trevillian Raid, June 7-24. Trevilian Station June 11-12. Newark or Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. White House of St. Peter's Church June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. Near Petersburg June 29-July 12. Lee's Mills, Warwick Swamp, July 12. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Ream's Station August 3. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Gravel Hill August 14. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Roam's Station, August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Old members mustered out at Trenton, N. J., September 16, 1864. Belcher's Mills September 17. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Arthur's Swamp September 30-October 1. Vaughan Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road or Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Reconnoissance to Stony Creek November 7. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Bellefield Station December 9-10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 23-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Payne's Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition from Burkesville to Danville and South Boston April 23-27. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Company "F" mustered out at Washington May 25, 1865. Mustered out at Cloud's Hills, Va., July 24, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 116 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 185 Enlisted men by disease. Total 317.

Predecessor Unit



See 1st Regiment Cavalry.

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