Organized at Detroit, Mich., August 21 to September 6, 1861.
Mustered in September 13, and left State for Washington, D. C.,
September 29, 1861. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, Army of the
Potomac, to December, 1861. Cavalry, Banks' Division, Army of
the Potomac, to March, 1862. Cavalry, lat Division, Banks' 5th
Corps, to April, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the
Shenandoah, to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Army of
Virginia, to September, 1862. Unassigned, Alexandria, Va.,
September, 1862. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Military District of
Washington, to February, 1863, and 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of
Washington, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry
Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd
Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864.
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to
August, 1864. Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division,
to March, 1865, and Army of the Potomac to June, 1865. Dept. of
Missouri to August, 1865. District of the Plains, Dept. of
Missouri, to September, 1865. District of Dakota, Dept of
Missouri, to December, 1865. District of Utah, Dept. of Missouri,
to March, 1866.
Operations in Loudoun County, Va., February 25-May 6,
1862. Occupation of Loudoun Heights February 27. Berryville
March 6 (Detachment). Capture of Leesburg March 8.
Reconnoissance to Snicker's Gap March 12. Battle of Winchester
March 23. Strasburg March 27. Advance from Strasburg to
Woodstock and Edenburg April 1-2. Salem and Woodstock April 1.
Edenburg April 1-2. Thoroughfare Gap April 2. Greenwich April
3. Catlett's Station April 4. Warrenton April 5. Columbia
Furnace April 7. White Plains April 11. Rectortown April 14.
Piedmont, Mt. Jackson and New Market April 17. McGaheysville
April 27. Linden May 15. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
May 15-June 17. Middletown May 24. Retreat to Williamsport May
24-26. Winchester May 25. Expedition from Gainesville June 7-8.
Milford June 24. Strasburg Pike June 26. Reconnoissance to
Front Royal June 29-30. Luray June 30. Culpeper Court House
July 12. Orange Court House July 15. Reconnoissance to Madison
Court House July 17. Reconnoissance to Orange Court House under
Crawford August 2. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9.
Reconnoissance to Orange Court House August 13, and to Louisa
Court House August 16. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23.
Lewis Ford and Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of
Washington, D C., till June, 1863. Mouth of Monocacy September 5
Reconnoissance to Berryville November 28-30, 1862. Snicker's
Ferry, Berryville, November 30. Expedition to Catlett's and
Rappanannock Station January 8-10, 1863. Brentsville January 9.
Near Union Mills February 14 (Detachment). Hanover, Pa., June
30. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Hunterstown July 2. Fairfield
Gap July 4. Smithburg July 5. Hagerstown and Williamsport, Md.,
July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 11-13. Falling Waters July 14. Ashby's Gap July 20. Battle Mountain, near
Newby's Cross Roads, July 24. Barbee's Cross Roads July 25. King
George Court House August 24. Expedition to Port Conway
September 1-3. Lamb's Creek Church, near Port Conway, September
1. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17.
Stevensburg and Pony Mountain September 13. Culpeper Court House
September 13. Somerville Ford September 14-16. Reconnoissance
across the Rapidan September 21 23. White's Ford September 21
22. Robertson's Ford and near Liberty Mills September 23. Bristoe
Campaign October 8-22. James City October 8-9-10. Bethesda
Church October 10. Near Culpeper and Brandy Station October 11.
Gainesville October 14. Groveton October 17 18. Gainesville,
Catlett's Station and Buckland's Mills October 19. Advance to
line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign
November 26-October 2. Morton's Ford November 26. Raccoon Ford
November 26-27. (4 new Companies organized October 13 to
December 29, 1863.) Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7,
1864. Regiment consolidated to 8 Companies February 15, 1864.
Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond February 28-March 4.
Fortifications of Richmond March 1. Campaign from the Rapidan to
the James River May 3-June 24. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness
May 5-7. The Furnaces and Brock Road May 6. Todd's Tavern May
7-8. Sheridan's Raid to James River May 9-24. Beaver Dam
Station May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11.
Meadow Bridge May 12. Hanover Court House May 21. On line of the
Pamunkey May 26-28. Dabney's Ferry, Hanovertown Ferry,
Hanovertown and Crump's Creek May 27. Haw's Shop and Aenon
Church May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequin
Creek May 30. Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor. May 31-June 1.
Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June
11-12. Newark, or Mallory's Cross Roads, June 12. Black Creek, or
Tunstall's Station, and White House, or St. Peter's Church, June
21. Jones' Bridge June 23. Demonstration north of the James
River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Ordered to Washington,
D. C., August, Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August
7-November 28. Winchester and Toll Gate near White Post August
11. Cedarville, or Front Royal, August 16 and 18. Kearneysville
August 23. Near Kearneysville August 25. Shephardstown August
25. Leetown and Smithfield August 28. Smithfield Crossing of
the Opequan August 29. Berryville September 4. Locke's Ford,
Opequan Creek, September 13. Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek,
September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19.
Fisher's Hill September 21. Milford September 22. Luray
September 24. Port Republic September 26-28. Mt. Crawford
October 2. Luray Valley October 8. Tom's Brook October 8-9.
Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 11.
Expedition into Loudoun and Faquier Counties November 28-December
3, Middleburg December 2. Raid to Gordonsville December 19-28.
Madison Court House December 21. Liberty Mills December 22.
Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville, December 23. Expedition from
Edenburg to Little Fort Valley, February 13-17, 1865. Sheridan's
Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25. Occupation of Staunton
March 2. Waynesboro March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Hanover Court House March 15. Appomattox Court House March 28-April 9.
Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's
Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church, or Beaver Creek Pond,
April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6 Appomattox Station April 8.
Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.
Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington May.
Grand Review May 23. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, June 1.
Powder River Expedition and operations against Indians in
District of the Plains and Dakota July to November, 1865. Duty
in District of Utah till March, 1866. Mustered out March 10,
1866. (Company "D" served detached as Provost Guard at
Alexandria November 25, 1862, till June, 1863.) (Regiment absent
on furlough December 21, 1863, to March 1, 1864. Returned to
Camp Stoneman, D. C., and duty there till April, 1864.)
Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 150 Enlisted men
killed and mortally wounded and 6 Officers and 244 Enlisted men
by disease. Total 414.