Battle Unit Details


9th Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery


Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, and mustered in August 10, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 3. Attached to Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, D. C., to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1863. Barry's Command, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to April, 1864. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., September, 1862, to June, 1863. At Camp Seymour, Capital Hill, September 7-22, 1862; at Camp Chase till October 27; at Camp Barry till November 19; at Forts Ramsey and Buffalo, Upton's Hill, Va., till April 17, 1863. Moved to Centreville, Va., April 17; thence to Fairfax C. H. and Edward's Ferry June 25. To Frederick City, Md., June 27; to Middleburg June 29; to Tanneytown June 30, and to Gettysburg, Pa., July 1. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Supported 3rd Corps in battle of July 2, and was the last of five Batteries to withdraw, firing by prolonge when the Corps was obliged to fall back. After retiring 400 yards it was ordered to make a stand close to the Throstle house and hold that point at all hazards, until a line of Artillery could be formed. It was immediately charged by Col. Humphrey's 21st Mississippi Regiment, which entered the Battery and were fought hand to hand by the Cannoneers until they had suffered a loss of 28 men killed and wounded and 65 horses, when it was ordered to fall back, having sacrificed itself for the safety of the line. At Warrenton August 1-September 16, and at Culpeper C. H. till October 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station December 13, 1863, to May 4, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey River May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Built and occupied Fort Davis June 24 to August 14, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Garrison Fort Duschene and Fort Howard till October 27. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Garrison Fort Rice till February 5, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7. Fort Stedman March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Duty at City Point till May 3. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 3-13. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, June 6, 1865.

Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 13 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.

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