Battle Unit Details


1st Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery


Organized at Camp Cameron August 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 3. Attached to Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to April, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864.

Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. McDowell's advance on Fredericksburg, Va., April 4-12. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 22-May 4 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Mechanicsville June 12. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines Mill June 27. Golding's Farm and Fort Davidson June 28. Charles City Cross Roads June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Ball's Bluff till August 16. Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville August 16-27. In works at Centreville August 27-31. Assist in checking Pope's rout at Bull Run August 30, and cover retreat to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September-October. Crampton's Gap, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Downsvllle, Md., till October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. At White Oak Church till April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Franklin's Crossing, Deep Run, June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Moved to Boonsboro, Williamsport, Berlin and Warrenton, Va., July 5-25. Camp at Warrenton till September 15; and at Stone House Mountain till October 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Camp at Brandy Station till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. "Bloody Angle" May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 9-12. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August-October. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Moved to Boston October 2-12. Mustered out October 19, 1864, expiration of term.

Battery lost during service 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 15 Enlisted men by disease. Total 21.

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