UNION ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS
16th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry
Organized at Camp Butler, near Springfield, Ills., January to April, 1863, by assignment of Thielman's Independent Cavalry Battalion as Companies "A" and "B." Schambeck's Independent Cavalry Company as Company "C." Company "D" organized March 27, 1863. Company "E," originally organized for 17th Illinois Cavalry, assigned as Company "E." Company "F," organized January 2, 1863. Company "G," organized May 21, 1863. Company "H" organized February 17, 1863. McClellan's Body Guard, organized January 21 to April 16, 1863, assigned as Companies "I," "K" and "L." Company "M" organized May 19, 1863. Duty at Camp Butler, near Springfield, Ills., till October, 1863. (Cos. "A" and "B," Thielman's Battalion, and Co. "C," Schambeck's Company, served detached. For history, see these organizations.) Ordered to Covington, Ky., October 16, 1863, thence to Knoxville, Tenn. Attached to Cumberland Gap, Tenn., Left Wing forces, Dept. of Ohio, to January, 1864. District of the Clinch, Dept. Ohio, to February, 1864. Camp Nelson, Ky., 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division Cavalry Corps, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, Stoneman's Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to June, 1864. Detached Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. Dismounted Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 6th Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to August, 1865.
- Moved to Cumberland Gap, Tenn., and garrison duty there till February, 1864. Actions at Jonesville, Va., December 13, 1863, and January 3, 1864. Near Stickleyville, Powell Run, December 13, 1863 (Co. "E"). At Camp Nelson, Ky., February to April, 1864. Moved to Red Clay, Ga., April 28-May 10. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign, May to September. Action at Varnell Station May 12. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona
Hills, May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 27. Olley's Creek June 26. Assault on Kenesaw June 27.
(Assigned to 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, June 21.) Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Detached as Provost Guard 23rd Army Corps, August 16. At Decatur till September 14. Ordered to Nicholasville, Ky., September 14, to refit. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., October 22, thence moved to Pulaski, Fayetteville and Waynesboro. Nashville Campaign November-December, Henrysville and Mt. Pleasant November 23. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Maury's Mills and crossing of Duck River November 28. Battle of Franklin
November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16.
Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Franklin and West Harpeth River December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Rutherford Creek December 19. Anthony's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25-26. At Pulaski till March, 1865, and at Springfield till May. Duty at Pulaski, Holton, Courtland and Decatur, Ala., till August. Mustered out August 19, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 30 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 228 Enlisted men by disease. Total 262.
THIELMAN'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY BATTALION.
Organized at Smithland, Ky,, December 9, 1861, by consolidation of Thielman's and Marx's Independent Cavalry Companies. Attached to District of Paducah, Ky., to March, 1862. 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Cavalry, 2nd Division Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to May, 1863. Headquarters 15th Army Corps to December, 1863. Cumberland Gap, Dept. of the Ohio, to January, 1864.
- Duty at Paducah and Smithland, Ky., till March, 1862. Demonstration from Paducah to Columbus, Ky., November 7-9, 1861. Expedition to Camp Beauregard and Viola, Ky., December 28-31. Moved to Savannah, Tenn., March 6-10, 1862. Expedition to Yellow Creek and Occupation of Pittsburg Landing March 14-17. Battle of
Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Reconnoissance on Corinth and Purdy Roads April 13. Advance on and Siege of Corinth, Miss., April
29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 3-July 21. Duty at Memphis till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, "Tallahatchie March," November 26-December 12. Sherman's expedition and operations against Vicksburg, Miss., December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman,
Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till April. Demonstrations on Haines' and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., May 2-14. Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black River till September 26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 23. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Battles of
Chattanooga November 23-25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Joined Regiment at Cumberland Gap January, 1864. Battalion assigned to 16th Illinois Cavalry as Companies "A" and "B," January, 1863, but served detached till January, 1864. Ordered to Mt. Sterling, Ky., February, 1864. Duty at Lexington, Paris and Cynthiana, Ky.
MARX'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY.
Organized December 9, 1861, and assigned to Thielman's Independent Cavalry Battalion as Company "B," which see.
McCLERNAND'S BODY GUARD.
Organized January 21 to April 16, 1863. Assigned to 16th Illinois Cavalry as Companies "I," "K" and "L," April, 1863.
THIELMAN'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY COMPANY.
Organized at Chicago, Ills., July 2, 1861. Duty in District of Paducah, Ky., Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1861. Demonstration from Paducah to Columbus, Ky., November 7-9. Assigned to Thielman's Independent Battalion Cavalry December 9, 1861, as Company "A," which see.
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