Battle Unit Details

UNION ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

1st Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery

Overview:
First known as Smith's Chicago Light Artillery. Entered State service for three months, April 17, 1861, and moved to Cairo, Ills., with Swift's Cairo Expedition. Capture of steamers C. E. Hillman and J. D. Perry, and seizure of arms and munitions of war bound south, April 25. Duty at Cairo. Ills., till July. Reorganized at Cairo, Ill., for three years, July 16, 1861, as Battery "A," 1st Illinois Light Artillery. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, District of Cairo, March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Right Wing 15th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee. November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to November, 1864. Garrison Artillery Nashville, Tenn., to December, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Chattanooga, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.

Service:
Duty in Military District of Cairo till February, 1862. Operations at Ironton-Fredericktown, Mo., October 12-25, 1861. Engagement at Fredericktown October 21. Expedition from Paducah, Ky., to Fort Henry, Tenn., January 15-25, 1862. Operations against Forts Henry and Heiman, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Expedition to Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn., February 22-March 1. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 1-10. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 3-July 21. Duty at Memphis till November. Expedition from Memphis to Coldwater and Hernando, Miss., September 8-13. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November-December. "Tallahatchie March," November 26-December 12. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork, via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek, March 14-27. Demonstration on Haines' and Drumgould's Bluffs, April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Battle of Jackson, Miss., May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson, Miss., July 10-17. At Big Black till September 26. Movement to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 20. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 17. At Scottsboro, Ala., till May, 1864. Expedition from Scottsboro toward Rome, Ga., January 25-February 5, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills, May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations in North Georgia and North Alabama against Hood, September 29-October 28. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., October 28, and garrison duty there, and at Chattanooga. Tenn., till June, 1865. Mustered out at Chicago, Ills., July 3, 1865.

Battery lost during service 15 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 22 Enlisted men by disease. Total 37.

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

BATTERY "B," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY.
Organized at Chicago, Ills., for three months' service and mustered into United States service May 2, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ills., June 1. Duty at Cairo and Bird's Point, Mo., till July. Reorganized for three years' service at Cairo, Ills., July 16, 1861. Attached to Military District of Cairo, Ills., to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Military District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee and Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, District of Memphis, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1864.

Service:
Duty at Cairo, Ills., and Bird's Point, Mo., till February, 1862. Operations about Ironton and Fredericktown, Mo., October 12-25, 1861. Engagement at Fredericktown October 21. Expedition to Belmont November 6-7. Battle of Belmont, Mo., November 7. Reconnoissance of Columbus, Ky., January 10-22, 1862. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Capture of Fort Henry February 6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannah, Tenn. Expedition to Yellow Creek and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Corinth Road April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 26-May 30. Action at Russell House May 17. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-July 21. Duty at Memphis till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, "Tallahatchie March," November 25-December 14. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork, via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek, March 14-27. Demonstrations on Haines' and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Battle of Jackson, May 14. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Richmond, La., June 15. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. At Big Black River till September 26. Movement to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 17. Duty at Larkinsville, Ala., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.). Campaign May 1 to July 12. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Battles about Dallas May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-12. Ordered to the rear for muster out July 12. Mustered out July 23, 1864, expiration of term. Veterans and Recruits transferred to Battery "A," 1st Light Artillery.

Battery lost during service 9 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 17 Enlisted men by disease. Total 27.

Battery reorganized March, 1865, by assignment of Bridges' Independent Battery Light Artillery. Attached to garrison artillery at Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. Mustered out July 6, 1865.

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

BATTERY "C," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY ("HOUGHTAILING'S").
Organized at Ottawa, Ill., and mustered in October 31, 1861. Ordered to Cairo, Ill. Attached to Military District of Cairo to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. Artillery Division, Army of Mississippl, to April, 1862. Artillery 1st Division, Army Mississippi, to September, 1862. Artillery, 13th Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

Service:
Duty in the Military District of Cairo, Ill., till February, 1862. Operations against New Madrid, Mo., and Island No. 10, Mississippi River, February 28-April 8. Action and capture at Tiptonville April 8. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 13-17. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 17-23. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Action at Farmington May 3. Reconnoissance toward Corinth May 8. Engagement at Farmington May 9. Occupation of Corinth May 30, and pursuit to Booneville May 21-June 12. Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. At Corinth till July 21. Moved to Iuka, Miss., July 21, thence to Courtland, Ala., and duty along Memphis and Charleston R. R. till September 3. March to Nashville, Tenn., September 3-12. Action at Columbia September 9. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Repulse of Forrest's attack on Edgefield November 5. Lavergne November 7. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 22-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga, Ga. Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Mission Ridge November 24-25. At Rossville, Ga., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station and Vining Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 1-26. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out June 14, 1865.

Battery lost during service 15 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 19 Enlisted men by disease. Total 34.

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

BATTERY "D," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY.
Organized at Cairo, Ill., and mustered in July 30, 1861. Ordered to Fort Holt, Ky., September 18, and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, District of West Tennessee, and 1st Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. District of Jackson, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Nashville, Tenn., to December, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Clarksville, Tenn. 5th Sub-District, District Middle Tennessee, to July, 1865.

Service:
Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6, 1862. At Fort Henry February 6-12. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Moved to Savannanh, Tenn., March 5-13, thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 23-25. Battle at Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Purdy and Jackson, Tenn., June 5-8, and duty in District of Jackson till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. At Memphis, Tenn., till February 20. Moved to Lake Providence, La., February 20-24, thence to Berry's Landing March 16, and to Milliken's Bend April 19. Advance on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Reserve, Raymond May 12. Jackson May 14. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Occupation of Vicksburg July 4 to November 6. Stevenson's Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Duty at Big Black till February, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Moved to Cairo, Ill., April 28, thence to Clifton, Tenn., April 30-May 5, March to Huntsville, Ala., May 5-23, thence to Ackworth, Ga., via Decatur and Warrenton, Ala., and Rome and Kingston, Ga., May 28-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8-September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., and duty there till December. Battles of Nashville December 15-16. Ordered to Clarksville, Tenn., and duty there till July, 1865. Mustered out July 28, 1865.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 28 Enlisted men by disease. Total 36.

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

BATTERY "E," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY ("WATERHOUSE'S").
Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in December 19, 1861. Moved to Cairo, Ill., February 12, 1862. Attached to District of Cairo, Ill., to March, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 8th Division, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Sturgis' Expedition, June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to February, 1865. Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, Chattanooga, Tenn., to July, 1865.

Service:
Duty at Paducah, Ky., till March, 1862. Expedition from Paducah to Tennessee River and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 8-14. Expedition to Yellow Creek, Miss., and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., via Lagrange, Grand Junction and Holly Springs, June 1-July 21. Duty at Memphis, Tenn., till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Guard R. R. till March, 1863. Moved to Memphis, thence to Duckport, La., March 12-April 1. Demonstrations on Haines' and Snyder's Bluffs April 25-May 2. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Jackson, Miss., May 14. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Expedition to Mechanicsburg May 26-June 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Brandon Station July 19. Camp at Big Black till November. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., November 12, and duty guarding Railroad till January, 1864. Expedition to Tallahatchie River February 5-19. Coldwater Ferry February 8. Near Senatobia February 8-9. Wyatt's February 14. At Memphis till April. Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis to Ripley, Miss., April 30-May 9. Sturgis' Expedition from Memphis into Mississippi June 1-13. Brice's, or Tishamingo Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo July 5-21. Camargo's Cross Roads, Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town, or Tishamingo Creek, July 15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Oxford August 9. Abbeville August 23. Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 1; thence march through Arkansas and Missouri. Light Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. Mustered out July 15, 1865.

Battery lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 25 Enlisted men by disease. Total 30.

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS

BATTERY "F," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY.
Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in February 25, 1862. Ordered to Benton Barracks, Mo., March 15, thence moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 1-9. Attached to 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, District of Nashville, Tenn., to February, 1865.

Service:
Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30, 1862. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-17, and duty there till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Duty at Memphis and along Memphis and Charleston R. R. till June, 1863. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 9. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 16-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black till September 26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Skirmish at Trenton, Ga., November 18. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 17. At Scottsboro, Ala., till May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstrations on Resaca May 9-13. Snake Creek Gap May 10-12. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Kingston May 19-22. Advance on Dallas May 23-25. Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations in North Georgia and North Alabama against Hood, September 29-November 3. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., and garrison duty there till February, 1865. Battery discontinued February 22, 1865, and men transferred to other Batteries.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 24 Enlisted men by disease. Total 32.

Soldiers:
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