CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA TROOPS
56th Regiment, Virginia Infantry
56th Infantry Regiment completed its organization in September, 1861, with men from
Louisa, Mecklenburg, Buckingham, Nelson, and Charlotte counties. It moved to Tennessee and
attached to Floyd's Brigade was captured in the fight at Fort Donelson. After being exchanged, the
unit returned to Virginia and was assigned to Pickett's, Garnett's, and Hunton's Brigade, Army of
Northern Virginia. It fought with the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor except when it served under
Longstreet at Suffolk. The 56th then endured the hardships of the Petersburg trenches north and south of the
James River and saw action around Appomattox. In June, 1862, it contained
466 effectives and reported 100 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles. This regiment carried
only 40 men into action at Sharpsburg and 8 were wounded. Of the
289 engaged at Gettysburg, more
than sixty-five percent were disabled. Many were captured at Sayler's Creek, and only 3 officers and 26
men surrendered on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonels William E. Green, Philip P.
Slaughter, and William D. Stuart; Lieutenant Colonel Timoleon Smith; and Major John B.
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