CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA TROOPS
55th Regiment, Virginia Infantry
55th Infantry Regiment was organized in September, 1861, by the addition of four
companies to W.N. Ward's "Essex and Middlesex" Battalion of Virginia Volunteers. It was
assigned to General Field's, Heth's, H.H. Walker's, and Barton's Brigade, Army of Northern
Virginia. The 55th participated in the campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then was involved in
the Petersburg siege south of the
James River and the Appomattox
operations. It sustained 108 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 32 at Second Manassas, 11 at Fredericksburg, and 110 at Chancellorsville. Of the 268 engaged at Gettysburg, twelve percent were
killed, wounded, or missing. In February, 1865, the 47th and 55th Regiments were consolidated,
but only 2 officers and 21 men of the 55th were present at the surrender. Its field officers were
Colonels William S. Christian and Francis Mallory; Lieutenant Colonels Robert H. Archer and
Evan Rice; and Majors Thomas M. Burke, Robert B. Fauntleroy, Charles N. Lawson, Andrew D.
Saunders, and William N. Ward.
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