CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA TROOPS
31st Regiment, Virginia Infantry
31st Infantry Regiment was organized under W.L. Jackson and mustered into Confederate
service in July, 1861. Many of its members were raised in Marion, Pendleton, and Gilmer
counties. The unit was active in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign and Jackson's
Valley operations. Later it was assigned to General Early's, W. Smith's, Pegram's, and J.A.
Walker's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 31st participated in the difficult campaigns of
the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then moved with Early to the
Shenandoah Valley and was active around Appomattox. This regiment reported 13
casualties at Greenbrier River,
37 at Camp Alleghany, 19 at McDowell, and 97 at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It lost 3 killed and 17
wounded at Cedar Mountain, had
5 killed and 20 wounded at Second
Manassas, and suffered 1 killed and 7 wounded at Sharpsburg. Of the 267 in action at Gettysburg, ten percent were
disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 7 officers and 49 men of which 22 were armed.
The field officers were Colonels John S. Hoffman, William L. Jackson, and Samuel H. Reynolds;
Lieutenant Colonels Francis M. Boykin, Alfred H. Jackson, and J.S. Kerr McCutchen; and Majors
James C. Arbogast, Joseph H. Chenoweth, and William P. Cooper.
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