9th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Portsmouth, Virginia, in July, 1861.
Its members were from Portsmouth and the counties of Roanoke, Chesterfield, Isle of Wight,
Nansemond, Lunenburg, Dinwiddie, and Norfolk. The regiment served in the Department of
Norfolk and in June, 1862, totalled 435 men. During the war it was attached to General
Armistead's, Barton's, and Steuart's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many
conflicts from Seven Pines to Gettysburg and after serving in
North Carolina participated in the Battle of Drewry's Bluff. Later the unit was
involved in the Petersburg siege
north of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. It lost 9 killed, 34
wounded, and 23 missing of the 150 at Malvern Hill, and of the 318 engaged at
Gettysburg more than half were disabled. The unit reported 47 casualties at Drewry's Bluff, and
many captured at Five Forks and
Sayler's Creek, and surrendered 2
officers and 37 men on April 9, 1865. Its field officers were Colonels David J. Godwin, James J.
Phillips, and Francis H. Smith; Lieutenant Colonels James S. Gilliam, John T.L. Preston, and
William J. Richardson; and Majors Stapleton Crutchfield, Makr B. Hardin, and John C. Owens.