CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA TROOPS
1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry
1st Cavalry Regiment completed its organization at Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1861.
Unlike most regiments, the 1st contained twelve companies. The men were from the counties of
Frederick, Berkeley, Rockbridge, Clarke, Washington, Augusta, Jefferson, Amelia, Loudoun,
Rockingham, and Gloucester. After taking part in the Battle of First Manassas, the unit was brigaded under
Generals J.E.B. Stuart, F. Lee, Wickham, and Munford. It participated in more than 200
engagements of various types including the Seven Days' Battles and Stuart's ride around
McClellan. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, The Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda
Church, and Cold Harbor.
Later it was involved in Early's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and the Appomattox Campaign. In April, 1862, it
totalled 437 men, lost eight percent of the 310 engaged at Gettysburg, and had 318 fit for duty in
September, 1864. The cavalry cut through the Federal lines at Appomattox and later disbanded.
Only 1 man from this unit were present at the surrender. The field officers were Colonels R.
Welby Carter, James H. Drake, William E. Jones, Fitzhugh Lee, William A. Morgan, and James
E.B. Stuart; Lieutenant Colonels L. Tiernan Brien and Charles R. Irving; and Major Robert Swan.
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