20th Infantry Regiment was organized at Galveston, Texas, during the early summer of 1862
with a high percentage of middle-aged men. They were from Hempstead, Houston, Austin,
Kaufman, Galveston, and Huntsville, and Walker County. The regiment was assigned to the
Trans-Mississippi Department and served in Texas. It performed guard duty along the coast from
Galveston to the Sabine River and in April, 1864, reported 21 officers and 622 men present for
duty. On June 2, 1865, it was included in the surrender. Its commanders were Colonel Henry M.
Elmore, Lieutenant Colonel Leonard A. Abercrombie, and Major Robert E. Bell.