1st Infantry Regiment was assembled at Richmond, Virginia, in August, 1861, with ten
companies from Marion, Cass, Polk, Houston, Harrison, Tyler, Anderson, Cherokee, Sabine, San
Augustine, Newton, and Nacogdoches counties. Later two companies from Galveston and
Trinity County were added to the command. Part of Hood's Texas Brigade, it served under
Generals Hood, J.B. Robertson, and J.Gregg. The regiment fought with the Army of Northern
Virginia from Seven Pines
to Cold Harbor except
when it was detached with Longstreet at Suffolk, Chickamauga, and Knoxville. It was
involved in the Petersburg
siege north and south of the James River and later the Appomattox Campaign. This unit had
477 effectives in April, 1862 and lost eighty-two percent of the 226 engaged at Sharpsburg and more than twenty percent of the 426 at Gettysburg. It surrendered
with 16 officers and 133 men. The field officers were Colonels Frederick S. Bass, Hugh
McLeod, Alexis T. Rainey, and Louis T. Wigfall; Lieutenant Colonels Harvey H. Black, Albert G.
Clopton, R.J. Harding, and P.A. Work; and Majors Matt. Dale and John R. Woodward.