CONFEDERATE SOUTH CAROLINA TROOPS
12th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
12th Infantry Regiment completed its organization in July, 1861, at Lightwoodknot
Springs, near Columbia, South Carolina. The men were raised in the counties of Oconee, York,
Lancaster, Kershaw, and Fairfield. It served on the South Carolina coast near Pocotaligo, then in
April, 1862, moved to Virginia. Assigned to General Gregg's and McGowan's Brigade, the
regiment fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. During the Chancellorsville operations the 12th was
detached to guard ordinance trains and prisoners. With 340 men it marched 2,000 Federals to
Richmond. Later the unit rejoined the brigade and continued the conflict from Gettysburg to Cold Harbor, then saw action in the
Petersburg trenches and the Appomattox Campaign. It lost 17 killed
and 121 wounded at Gaines' Mill, fifty-four percent of 270 at Second Manassas, 20 killed and 82
wounded at Sharpsburg, and
thirty-six percent of the 366 at Gettysburg. The regiment sustained 102
casualties at The Wilderness, 118
at Spotsylvania, 34 from May 12
to July 1, 1864, 18 at Deep
Bottom, 26 at Fussell's Mill,
and 23 at Poplar Springs Church.
It surrendered 10 officers and 149 men. The field officers were Colonels Dixon Barnes, Edwin F.
Bookter, Richard G.M. Dunovant, Cadwalader Jones, and John L. Miller; and Lieutenant
Colonels T. Frank Clyburn, Henry C. Davis, and William H. McCorkle.
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