1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)
1st Infantry Regiment, Provisional Army completed its organization at Richmond, Virginia,
in August, 1861. Most of the officers and men had served in the 1st South Carolina Volunteers, a
six-month command, which was mustered out of service in late July. The men were from
Charleston and Columbia, and the counties of Darlington, Marrion, Horry, Aiken, and Florence.
Assigned to General Gregg's and McGowan's Brigade, the unit fought with the Army of
Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor. It was then involved in the
difficult Petersburg siege north
and south of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. This regiment lost
20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days' Battles, had fifty-three percent disabled of the
283 engaged at Second Manassas and Ox Hill, and had 4 killed and 30 wounded at
Sharpsburg. It sustained 73
casualties at Fredericksburg and
104 at Chancellorsville, then lost
thirty-four percent of the 328 at Gettysburg. There were 16 killed, 114
wounded, and 7 missing at The
Wilderness, and 19 killed, 51 wounded, and 9 missing at Spotsylvania. On April 9, 1865, it
surrendered with 18 officers and 101 men. The field officers were Colonels Maxey Gregg, Daniel
H. Hamilton, and Charles W. McCreary; Lieutenant Colonels T. Pinckney Alston, Andrew P.
Butler, Edward McCrady, Jr., Washington P. Shooter, and Augustus M. Smith; and Major
Edward D. Brailsford.