55th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina, in
May, 1862. Its companies were recruited in the counties of Pitt, Wilson, Wilkes, Cleveland,
Burke, Catawba, Johnston, Alexander, Onslow, Franklin, and Granville. The unit served in the
Department of North Carolina, then moved to Virginia where it was assigned to General J.R.
Davis' and Cooke's Brigade. It fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Gettysburg to Cold Harbor, served in the Petersburg trenches south of the
James River, and took part in the Appomattox operations. The
regiment lost thirty-one percent of the 640 engaged at Gettysburg and fifty-nine percent of the
340 at The Wilderness. It
surrendered with 4 officers and 77 men on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonel John K.
Connally; Lieutenant Colonels Alfred H. Belo, Abner S. Calloway, and Maurice T. Smith, and
Major James S. Whitehead.