39th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Patton, Asheville, North Carolina, in July,
1861, as a five company battalion. In November the unit moved to "Camp Hill" near Gooch
Mountain where it was increased to eight companies. In February, 1862, it was ordered to
Knoxville, Tennessee, where two more companies were added. Its members were from the
counties of Cherokee, Macon, Jackson, Buncombe, and Clay. The 39th took part in the
Cumberland Gap operations, then saw action in the Battle of Perryville. Assigned to Walthall's,
McNair's, and Reynold's Brigade, it fought with the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to
Atlanta, then endured Hood's winter campaign in Tennessee. In 1865 it shared in the defense of
Mobile. This regiment lost 2 killed, 36 wounded, and 6 missing at Murfreesboro and had 10 killed, 90
wounded, and 3 missing at Chickamauga. During the Atlanta Campaign, May 18 to
September 5, it reported 16 killed, 57 wounded, and 10 missing. On May 4, 1865, it surrendered.
The field officers were Colonel David Coleman, Lieutenant Colonels Hugh H. Davidson and
Francis A. Reynolds, and Major T.W. Peirce.