1st Infantry Regiment State Troops was organized at the race track near Warrenton, North
Carolina, during the spring of 1861. Its members were recruited in the counties of Chowan,
Wilkes, New Hanover, Orange, Lincoln, Hertford, Northampton, Washington, Martin, Wake, and
Halifax. In July it was mustered into Confederate service with more than 1,500 officers and men
and ordered to Virginia. The regiment was brigaded under General Ripley, Colston, Steuart, and
Cox. It participated in the campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, was with Early in the
Shenandoah Valley, and shared in the Appomattox operations. This unit reported 142 casualties
at Mechanicsville, 75 at Malvern Hill, 160 at South Mountain and Sharpsburg, and 15 at Fredericksburg. It lost 34 killed and
83 wounded at Chancellorsville and forty percent of
the 377 at Gettysburg. It
surrendered 10 officers and 61 men in April, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Hamilton A.
Brown, John A. McDowell, and Montfort S. Stokes; Lieutenant Colonels Jarrett N. Harrell and
Matthew W. Ransom; and Majors James S. Hines, L.C. Latham, and Tristim L. Skinner.