5th Infantry Regiment, assembled during the late summer of 1861, included Freeman's
Kentucky Infantry Battalion. Its members were raised in the counties of Pendleton, Breathitt,
Morgan, Magoffin, Bath, Owen, Grant, Jessamine, Henderson, Harrison, Shelby, and Franklin.
Being a twelve-month unit, when it became time to reenlist some of its members refused and were
transferred to the 9th Kentucky Regiment. Later men of the 5th did reenlist for the duration of
the war. It became part of the Orphan Brigade or Louisville Legion. The regiment reported 134
casualties in the Battle of Shiloh, then was active at Baton
Rouge before being assigned to Kelly's and J.H. Lewis' Brigade, Army of Tennessee. It was
prominent at Chickamauga
and later took an active part in the Atlanta Campaign. In the fall of 1864
it was mounted, aided in the defense at Savannah, and fought in the Carolinas. The unit had 91
men disabled at Chickamauga, totalled 201 men and 165 arms in December, 1863, and
surrendered on April 26, 1865. Its field officers were Colonels Hiram Hawkins, Andrew J. May,
and John S. Williams; Lieutenant Colonels John W. Caldwell and George W. Conner' and Majors
Richard Hawes and William Mynheir.