45th Infantry Regiment was organized at Auburn, Alabama, in may, 1862. Companies that
made up the unit were from the counties of Barbour, Randolph, Lowndes, Macon, and Russell. It
was immediately sent to Mississippi and at Tupelo suffered from camp diseases. Later it moved
to Kentucky, fought at Perryville
under General Walthall, then was assigned to General Wood's, Lowrey's, and Shelley's Brigade,
Army of Tennessee. The 45th participated in the difficult campaigns of the army from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, was with Hood in Tennessee, and
ended the war in North Carolina. It was organized with 750 men, reported 91 casualties at
Murfreesboro and 117 at Chickamauga, and totalled 366 effectives and 309 arms in December, 1863. The regiment
lost 27 killed, 72 wounded, and 32 missing at the Battle of Atlanta and was almost annihilated at
Franklin. Only a remnant
surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Ephraim B. Breedlove, James G.
Gilchrist, William S. Goodwyn, and Harris D. Lampley; Lieutenant Colonel Robert H.
Abercrombie; and Major George C. Freeman.