27th Infantry Regiment was organized in December, 1861, at Fort Heimen, Tennessee. Its
companies were recruited in Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Mobile, Madison, and Morgan
counties. The unit was sent to Fort
Henry, then Fort Donelson
where it was captured on February 16, 1862. However, a number of men were sick in the
hospital and escaped the surrender. These men were organized into two companies, joined a
Mississippi regiment, and at the Battle of Perryville lost 8 killed and 25 wounded.
The main body of the regiment was exchanged, reunited with the other two companies at Port
Hudson, and assigned to Beall's and Buford's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East
Louisiana. The 27th was engaged at Champion's Hill and Big Black River Bridge, served in the
trenches at Jackson, and later
moved with the army across the Pearl River. During the spring of 1864, it joined with the Army
of Tennessee and, attached to General Scott's and Shelley's Brigade, participated in many
conflicts from Resaca to Bentonville. Only a remnant surrendered
on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Adolphus A. Hughes and James Jackson,
Lieutenant Colonel Edward McAlexander, and Major R.G. Wright.