Originally designated as “No.5” by Pierre L’Enfant in 1791, Stanton Park is a designed cultural landscape located in northeast Washington, D.C., its four acres are bordered between 6th Street NE to the east and 4th Street NE to the west, and it is one of the larger Capitol Hill Parks. It has been a public park since the first improvements to the area in the 1870s.
Soon after, Congress authorized a statue of Revolutionary general Nathanael Greene, which was erected in the park in 1878. Nathanael Greene was born in Rhode Island in 1742. After the beginning of the Revolutionary War (already part of a Rhode Island Militia) he was made a Brigadier General by the Second Continental Congress. He was appointed Quartermaster General in 1778 where he was responsible for supplying the Continental Army. On October 14, 1780, and a series of defeats, and with Congress’ authorization, Washington appointed Greene commander of the Southern Theater. Vastly outnumbered by British troops, he would rely heavily on guerilla tactics. Greene proved himself a very adept field commander. Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown in 1781 although the British still controlled other areas of the country. Greene turned down an appointment to the newly established position of Secretary of War. During the war he realized the sometimes inability of the Continental Congress, and he became an advocate for a stronger national government, another signpost toward the United States Constitution. Military historians rate Greene as the second highest rated general of the Continental Army, second only to Washington.
Today the park is adorned with trees, walkways, and a playground, and it Is conveniently located in walking distance of the U.S. Capitol, Supreme Court, Union Station, and Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument.
Last updated: February 14, 2021