America’s first National River is in the Ozark Highlands of Northwest Arkansas. For about 8,000 years, periodic fires burned across the landscape. These were both set by humans and naturally caused by lightning. Fire removed most of the brush and young woody growth while leaving the larger trees. As a result, many plants and animals present today still depend on periodic fires for their reproduction, growth, and survival.
In the last 100 years, as settlers moved into the region, fires were not allowed to burn. Openings and grassy spaces disappeared. The once open woodland areas became dense forests. Plants and animals, like the collared lizard, that thrived in those spaces began to disappear. Park scientists took note of the changes in the ecosystem. They observed how removing fire affected the woodlands. As a result, they suggested that fires should be allowed to burn in those fire-adapted areas. Fire managers were able to reintroduce fire on the landscape with planned prescribed fires.
Over time, the collared lizards began to return to their previous habitats. Today, scientific data is very important to the planning process. The goal is to promote natural growth in the glades and woodlands of Buffalo National River. Prescribed fires burn slow and with less intensity than an out-of-control wildfire.
Bringing fire back into the ecosystem allows natural cycles to take place. This reduces the unnatural buildup of leaf litter and other burnable material. The risk of an unplanned and possible catastrophic wildfire goes down as well.
Our Fire Staff
Buffalo National River employs a dedicated staff of full-time, seasonal, and collateral-duty wildland firefighters. Our firefighters protect the park's natural resources from wildfires. The Buffalo River Wildland Fire Module is a fire crew that travels to national parks in Arkansas and across the country to manage fires when needed. Additionally, the module balances the park's needs with the needs of other agencies. This cooperation supports other land management agencies including,
The hardworking men and women in the park's fire program are key to keeping our forests healthy and protected.
Remember Smokey Bear's ABCs: Always Be Careful with Fire
Fire has many uses. Smokey wants you to be responsible when using fire. Smokey never wants you to play with matches, leave fires unattended, or throw lighted cigarettes away. With your help, we can use fire safely at Buffalo National River. Keep the following the safety tips in mind when building a campfire:
Last updated: August 15, 2018