Shooting Star
Shooting Star

NPS Photo

The rugged region of the Buffalo National River contains at least seven vegetation types as well as numerous springs and seeps. This provides a variety of habitats which supports a wide array of wildflower species.

Habitat Key
The following symbols have been used to indicate the type of habitat where the plant can be found.
W Woodlands
B Bluffs and/or rocky areas
S Near streams
M Moist areas
G Glade and/or dry areas
F Old fields and/or dry areas
V Variety

Wildflower Checklist

Color Species Bloom Period Habitat
Green Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema atrorubens) March - May W
Green Trillium (Trillium viridescens) March - May W
Brown Sessile Trillium (Trillium sessile) March - May W, M
Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense) April - May W
Red, Pink Hepatica (Silene virginica) Feb. - April B, W
Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica) Feb. - May M
Fire Pink (Silene virginica) April - June G, B
Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) April - June W, M, B
Indian Pink (Spigelia marilandica) April - June W, M, S
Rose Verbena (Verbena canadensis) May - Sept. W, F
Purple, Blue, Lavender Bluets (Hedyotis crassifolia) Feb. - April W, G
Purple Trillium (Trillium recurvatum) March - May M, W
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) April - May W, M, S
Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium reptans) April - May W, M, S
Dwarf Crested Iris (Iris cristata) April - May W, S
Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium) April - June G, F
Violet Wood Sorrel (Oxalis violacea) April - June V
Hairy Phacelia (Phacelia hirsuta) April - June W, F
Spiderwort (Tradescantia spp.) April - June B, W, M
Ozark Blue Star (Amsonia illustris) April - June W, M
Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata) April - June S, W, M
Venus' Looking Glass (Triodanis perfoliata) April - Aug. G, F
Virginia Bluebell (Mertensia virginica) May - June W, S
Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) May - June B, W
Carolina Larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum) May - June W, G, B
Skullcap (Scuttelaria incana) May - July G, F
Palespike Lobelia (Lobelia spicata) May - July G
Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica) July - Oct. S, W, M
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) May - Oct. F
Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) June - Aug. G, F
Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) June - Sept. W, F, S
Bellflower (Campanula americana) June - Sept. M, W, S
Western Ironweed (Veronia baldwinii) July - Sept. B, F, G
White, Cream White Trout Lily (Erythronium albidium) Feb. - April W, S
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) Feb. - April W, S
Toothwort (Dentaria laciniata) Feb. - May W, S
Ozark Wake Robin (Trillium pusillum var. ozarkanum) March - May W
Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) March - May W, S
False Rue Anemone (Isopyrum biternatum) March - May W, S
May Apple (Podophyllum peltatum) March - May W
Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides) March - June W, S
Shooting Star (Dodecatheon meadia) April - June B, M
Pussy Toes (Antennaria plantaginifolia) April - June W
Funnel-Form Beardtongue (Penstemon tubaeflorus) May - June G, F
Yellow, Orange Yellow Trout Lily (Erythronium rostratum) March - May W
Large-Flowered Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora) March - May V
Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) March - May W, S
Buttercup (Ranunculus spp.) March - June W, M
Yellow Violet (Viola pensylvanica) April - May W, S
Orange Puccoon (Lithospermum canescens) April - June G
Golden Alexander (Zizia aurea) April - June M, S, G
Yellow Sedum (Sedum nuttallianum) April - June G, B
Ragwort/Squaw Weed (Senecio spp.) April - June W, S, M
Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia compressa) May - July G, F
Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) May - Sept. M, S, W
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) May - Oct. G, F
Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) May - Oct. M, S
Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) June - Sept. G, F
Prairie Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata) June - Sept. G, F
Tall Tickseed (Coreopsis tripteris) June - Sept. G, F
Sunflower (Helianthus spp.) July - Oct. G, F
Goldenrod (Solidago spp.) July - Oct. G, F, B

Blue Phlox (bluish purple wildflower)
Blue phlox is one of the first wildflowers to bloom each spring at Buffalo National River.


Last updated: December 28, 2017

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