Summer Meteor Showers Animate Night Sky

Night sky view of the Perseid meteor showers
The Perseid meteor showers are nature's fireworks.

NASA / JPL

The Perseid meteor showers are nature's fireworks. Every August they animate night skies with a dazzling display of “shooting stars.” Scientists estimate this year's showers to peak August 12-13 (2018), with up to 100 meteors visible per hour in dark locations. Some will blaze as fireballs, emitting light brighter than the planet Venus! National parks are great places to view meteor showers, and many offer night sky programs for park visitors. This year, the timing of the Perseids coincides with the new moon, which means even better views of this stellar phenomenon.

What are shooting stars?


Meteors are chunks of ice or rock in space ranging in size from a grain of sand to a boulder. Asteroids are much bigger, from the size of a garage to miles wide! What we call a shooting star is actually a meteor entering Earth’s atmosphere at high speeds and vaporizing. Single meteors occur in the night sky all the time, but the best times to see them are during meteor showers. Showers occur when Earth passes through a region of concentrated dust left behind by orbiting comets. During a shower, large amounts of dust hit the atmosphere in a short period of time, producing brilliant trails that illuminate the night sky.

View of Comet Swift-Tuttle blazing through the sky.
Comet Swift-Tuttle blazes through the sky.

NASA

Showers and Comets and Fireballs, Oh My!


The Perseid showers are a result of Comet Swift-Tuttle. The miles-wide comet orbits close to the Sun and Earth in approximately the same time and place every 133 years. Each time, it leaves behind a trail of dust and debris. The comet has been shedding dust for more than 1000 years. Its last journey near Earth was in 1992. Earth predictably orbits through the Comet Swift-Tuttle trail around August 12 each year. You can thank your lucky stars for the debris!

The Perseids are among the more well-known and active meteor showers. They are named for the constellation Perseus because the meteors appear to radiate from this place in the sky. The Leonids are another well-known meteor shower caused by Comet Tempel-Tuttle that peak each autumn around November 17.

#Findyourpark and bring your friends and family with you to enjoy this year’s Perseid meteor showers.

Illustration of the constellation Perseus and the radiant direction in which the Perseid meteor showers can be visible
Illustration shows the area and direction from which the Perseids will appear to radiate from the constellation Perseus.

NPS/JPL-Caltech

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Article by Julie West, communications specialist, Natural Sounds & Night Skies Division