Checklist of Common Native Plants at Acadia

The diversity of Acadia National Park is reflected in its plant life; more than 1,100 plant species are found here. This checklist groups the park’s most common plants into the communities where they are typically found. The plant’s growth form is indicated by “t” for trees and “s” for shrubs. To identify unfamiliar plants, consult a field guide or visit the Wild Gardens of Acadia at Sieur de Monts Spring, where more than 400 plants are labeled and displayed in their habitats.

All plants within Acadia National Park are protected. Please help protect the park’s fragile beauty by leaving plants in the condition that you find them.

Deciduous Woods

ash, white t Fraxinus americana
aspen, big-toothed t Populus grandidentata
aspen, trembling t Populus tremuloides
aster, large-leaved   Aster macrophyllus
beech, American t Fagus grandifolia
birch, paper t Betula papyrifera
blueberry, low sweet s Vaccinium angustifolium
bunchberry   Cornus canadensis
bush-honeysuckle s Diervilla lonicera
cherry, pin t Prunus pensylvanica
cherry, choke t Prunus virginiana
elder, red-berried or stinking s Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens
fern, Christmas   Polystichum acrostichoides
fern, bracken   Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum
goldthread   Coptis trifolia
hobblebrush s Viburnum lantanoides
laurel, sheep or lambskill s Kalmia angustifolia
lily, bluebead   Clintonia borealis
maple, mountain t Acer spicatum
maple, red t Acer rubrum
maple, striped t Acer pensylvanicum
maple, sugar t Acer saccharum
mayflower, Canada   Maianthemum canadense
oak, red t Quercus rubra
pine, white t Pinus strobus
pyrola, round-leaved   Pyrola americana
sarsaparilla, wild   Aralia nudicaulis
saxifrage, early   Saxifraga virginiensis
shadbush or serviceberry s,t Amelanchier spp.
Solomon's seal, false   Maianthemum racemosum
Solomon's seal, small   Polygonatum pubescens
starflower   Trientalis borealis
twinflower   Linnaea barealis ssp. longiflora
twisted stalk, rosy   Streptopus lanceolatus
violet   Viola spp.
white-cedar, northern t Thuja occidentalis
wintergreen   Gaultheria procumbens

Roadsides and Meadows

alder, speckled s Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
aspen, big-toothed t Populus grandidentata
aspen, trembling t Populus tremuloides
aster, flat-topped white   Doellingeria umbellata
aster, New York   Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
blueberry, low sweet s Vaccinium angustifolium
blue-eyed-grass   Sisyrinchium montanum var. crebrum
bluet   Houstonia caerulea
dogbane, spreading   Apocynum androsaemifolium
fireweed   Epilobium angustifolium
goldenrod, gray   Solidago nemoralis
goldenrod, rough-stemmed   Solidago rugosa
hairgrass   Deschampsia flexuosa
hardhack or steeplebush s Spiraea tomentosa
loosestrife, whorled   Lysimachia quadrifolia
mayflower, Canada   Maianthemum canadense
meadow-rue, tall   Thalictrum pubescens
meadowsweet s Spiraea alba var. latifolia
milkweed, common   Asclepias syriaca
pearly everlasting   Anaphalis margaritacea
poverty grass   Danthonia spicata
rose, Virginia or field   Rosa virginiana
sarsaparilla, bristly   Aralia hispida
sarsaparilla, wild   Aralia nudicaulis
shadbush s,t Amelanchier spp.
strawberry, wild   Fragaria virginiana
willow s,t Salix spp.
yellow rattle   Rhinanthus minor

Bogs

aster, bog   Aster nemoralis
bog rosemary s Andromeda prolifolia var. glaucophylla
chokeberry, black   Photinia melanocarpa
cotton-grass   Eriophorum spp.
cranberry, large   Vaccinium macrocarpon
cranberry, small   Vaccinium oxycoccos
crowberry, black   Empetrum nigrum
goldenrod, northern bog   Solidago uliginosa
huckleberry, dwarf s Gaylussacia dumosa var. bigeloviana
iris, blueflag   Iris versicolor
Labrador-tea s Rhododendron groenlandicum
larch t Larix laricina
laurel, bog s Kalmia polifolia
laurel, sheep or lambkill s Kalmia angustifolia
leatherleaf   Chamaedaphne calyculata
maple, red t Acer rubrum
pitcher plant   Sarracenia purpurea
rhodora s Rhododendron canadense
rose, bristly s Rosa nitida
snowberry, creeping   Gaultheria hispidula
spruce, black t Picea mariana
sundew, round-leaved   Drosera rotundifolia
sundew, spatulate-leaved   Drosera intermedia
sweet gale s Myrica gale

Freshwater Marshes and Ponds

arrowhead, common   Sagittaria latifolia
bladderwort, horned   Utricularia cornuta
blueberry, high-bush s Vaccinium corymbosum
bluejoint, Canada   Calamagrostis canadensis
cat-tail, common   Typha latifolia
lobelia, water   Lobelia dortmanna
pickerelweed   Pontederia cordata
rhodora s Rhododendron canadense
rose, swamp   Rosa palustris
spatterdock or yellow water-lily   Nuphar variegata
St. Johnswort, marsh   Triadenum virginicum
swamp candles   Lysimachia terrestris
turtlehead, white   Chelone glabra
water-lily, fragrant   Nymphaea odorata
white-cedar, northern t Thuja occidentalis
winterberry   Ilex verticillata

Coniferous Woods

ash, American mountain t Sorbus americana
blueberry, low sweet s Vaccinium angustifolium
bunchberry   Cornus canadensis
cranberry, mountain   Vaccinium vitis-idaea
dewdrop   Rubus dalibarda
fir, balsam t Abies balsamea
hemlock, eastern t Tsuga canadensis
hobblebush s Viburnum lantanoides
lily, bluebead   Clintonia borealis
mayflower, Canada   Maianthemum canadense
mountain holly s Nemopanthus mucronatus
partridgeberry   Mitchella repens
pine, red t Pinus resinosa
pine, white t Pinus strobus
pinesap   Monotropa hypopithys
pyrola, one-flowered   Moneses uniflora
sarsaprilla, wild   Aralia nudicaulis
shadbush or serviceberry s,t Amelanchier spp.
shinleaf   Pyrola elliptica
spruce, red t Picea rubens
spruce, white t Picea glauca
starflower   Trientalis borealis
trailing arbutus   Epigaea repens
twisted stalk, rosy   Streptopus lanceolatus
wintergreen   Gaultheria procumbens
witherod or wild raisin s Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
wood sorrel, northern   Oxalis montana
woodreed, drooping   Cinna latifolia

Mountain Tops and Dry, Rocky Places

alder, green or mountain s Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
aster   Aster spp.
bearberry s Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
birch, gray t Betula populifolia
blueberry, low sweet s Vaccinium angustifolium
bush-honeysuckle s Diervilla lonicera
cherry, pin t Prunus pensylvanica
chokeberry, black s Photinia melanocarpa
cinquefoil, three-toothed   Sibbaldiopsis tridentata
cranberry, mountain   Vaccinium vitis-idaea
crowberry, black   Empetrum migrum
fern, bracken   Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum
goldenrod, Rand's   Solidago simplex ssp. randii
harebell   Campanula rotundifolia
heather, golden   Hudsonia ericoides
holly, mountain s Nemopanthus mucronatus
huckleberry, black s Gaylussacia baccata
juniper, common s Juniperus communis var. depressa
juniper, creeping s Juniperus horizontalis
laurel, sheep or lambkill s Kalmia angustifolia
oatgrass, poverty   Danthohia spicata
pine, jack t Pinus banksiana
pine, pitch t Pinus rigida
raspberry, red s Rubus idaeus
rose, Virginia s Rosa virginiana
sandwort, mountain   Minuartia groenlandica
sarsaparilla, bristly   Aralia hispida
sweetfern   Comptonia peregrina
witherod or wild raisin s Virburnum nudum var. cassinoides

Last updated: March 16, 2015