On May 17, 1954, in a landmark decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, the U.S. Supreme Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for students of different races to be unconstitutional. The decision dismantled the legal framework for racial segregation in public schools and Jim Crow laws, which limited the rights of African Americans, particularly in the South.
Segregation in Schools
NAACP Challenges Segregation in Court
Separate, but Equal has 'no place'
Brown V Board Quick Facts
What is it? A landmark Supreme Court case.
Significance: Ended 'Separate, but equal,' desegregated public schools.
Date: May 17, 1954
Associated Sites: Brown v Board of Education National Historic Site; US Supreme Court Building
Last updated: April 1, 2016