Attu1. General. American task forces attacked Attu Island, western-most of the Aleutian Chain, on 11 May 1943. Massacre Bay on the southeast end of the Island was soon in American hands and a suitable site found for advance airfield on Alexai Point, a small peninsula on the east of the Bay. A week after the American landing this unit received an urgent message to send a reinforced company of the battalion, fully equipped to build a fighter field in a hurry on the point. On 20 May, Company "A" and a detachment of H&S Co totalling 8 officers and 211 enlisted men were ready to sail 36 hours after the first notice. To accomplish this required the full energies, day and night, of the entire battalion to collect, check and load for water shipment all the equipment and supplies to accomplish the mission.
2. Movement. On 23 May the company reached Massacre Bay aboard a passenger- cargo liner. Equipment arrived on the 28th aboard two LSTs, the first modern amphibious equipment assigned to this unit for movement of heavy equipment. In the 5 days prior to arrival of the equipment camp had been set up, the ship unloaded, and preliminary surveys for the airfield completed, all by company personnel. On 29 May all heavy equipment was on the beach and earth movement well underway.