War of 1812: Burning of the Sewall House

Painting of British troops marching in streets of Washington with flames consuming building behind them
“Capture of the City of Washington”, Based on an engraving from Rapin’s History of England, published by J. & J. Gundee, Albion Press, London, 1815.

Smithsonian Institution

On August 24, 1814, British forces marched into Washington, DC following their victory at Bladensburg. It was just before sunset. An advance party, personally commanded by Major General Robert Ross, moved down Maryland Avenue and onto Capitol Hill. As they approached the stately Sewall House (today Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument), a cry went up from inside.

"Here come the English buggers!"

Shots were fired and two corporals from the 21st Regiment of Foot, John Anderson and James Donaldson, were immediately killed. Several others were wounded. General Ross' horse is also killed; it was the second one shot out from under him that day.

Michael Shiner, a 9-year-old enslaved boy, who watched the entire incident, recorded that the Sewall House was surrounded "in a twinkle of the eye." Most of the assailants escaped except for three. They were American sailors, some of Commodore Joshua Barney's flotillamen who had fallen back from Bladensburg and laid a trap from inside the vacant building.

Sewall House was destroyed in retaliation. According to Shiner, the British "put a slow match to the house and then stood a certain distance...firing those Congreve rockets." He added that the explosions "made the rafters fly East and West." General Ross and his men then moved on to the US Capitol.

Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument, Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine, Pennsylvania Avenue, The White House and President's Park, Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

Last updated: May 27, 2020