Photo courtesy: NPS, Yellowstone National Park, YELL 37096
Yellowstone National Park's museum collections storage area is located in the Heritage & Research Center (HRC) in beautiful Gardiner, Montana. The HRC, near the historic Roosevelt Arch and next door to the Gardiner school, is home to not only the museum collections, but also the research library, archives, Yellowstone’s historian, the archeology lab, and the herbarium.
While the HRC does have some rotating exhibits in the lobby area, the facility was not designed to be a museum, but rather a research facility and a state of the art storage facility. With exception of some restricted collections, such as Thomas Moran's original watercolor field sketches, William Henry Jackson's photographs, and other rare or fragile items, the museum collections are accessible to researchers by appointment only and require 24 hours advanced notice (see below for contact information).
Yellowstone has the second largest collection in the National Park Service, with more than 5.3 million items (the largest belongs to Edison National Historic Site, which contains more than 6 million items). Yellowstone's collections document the cultural and natural history of the world's first national park and the conditions of its resources. The collections grow continuously with the addition of archival records (generated mostly by NPS staff), archeological and natural science objects, important donations and occasional purchases.
For years, the collections were housed in various locations within and outside of the park, where they were frequently threatened by flood, fire, environmental degradation, theft, and inattention. With the opening of the HRC in 2005, the collections of "Wonderland" are finally housed together, with the exception of the historic vehicles, and their storage brought up to the standards demanded by the National Park Service, the American Association of Museums, and the National Archives and Records Administration.
It is NPS policy to collect, protect, preserve, provide access to, and use objects, specimens, and archival and manuscript collections to aid understanding and advance knowledge. Collections play important roles in resource management, research, and interpretive programs, and function as baseline databases for park natural and cultural resources.
—Excerpt from Yellowstone Science Vol. 12, #4
Hours of Operation:
Yellowstone National Park’s museum collections are accessible to researchers by appointment only. At least twenty-four hour advanced notice is required, but does not guarantee staff availability. No rush orders will be accepted. Please see Access Policy for more detailed information regarding research in the museum collection. The HRC is closed on all federal holidays and weekends.
To access Yellowstone’s museum collections, researchers must complete and sign the following forms: Access Policy, Researcher Registration form and Copyright Waiver. Anyone interested in obtaining reproduction copies in the form of one-time use digital files of historic images from the museum collections, please review the reproduction fee information. You may submit your request information and all forms electronically to Yell_Museum@nps.gov or mail the forms to
Yellowstone National Park
OTHER REPOSITORIES CONTAINING YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK-RELATED COLLECTIONS (in alphabetical order)
WEB LINKS TO DIGITALLY AVAILABLE YELLOWSTONE RELATED MATERIAL:
Library of Congress has a collection of 25 historic maps of Yellowstone. Go to: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
United States Geological Society has an extensive collection of William Henry Jackson photographs taken during the 1871 Hayden Expedition which are available in a digital format online at: http://libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/
Did You Know?
Some groups of Shoshone Indians, who adapted to a mountain existence, chose not to acquire the horse. These included the Sheep Eaters, or Tukudika, who used dogs to transport food, hides, and other provisions. The Sheep Eaters lived in many locations in Yellowstone.