• Winter in the Wrangells

    Wrangell - St Elias

    National Park & Preserve Alaska

Important Events Leading to the Creation of the Park

Stream along the Skookum Volcano Trail

1938
Territorial Director Gruening lobbies Secretary of the Interior Ickes for the protection of the area.

1940
Secretary Ickes recommends that President Franklin D. Roosevelt designate the area a National Monument. Roosevelt declines to act because of World War II impending.

1958
The Statehood Act authorizes the State of Alaska to select 104 million acres from the public domain, excluding property "the right or title to which" was held by Alaska Natives.

 

1971
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) is enacted because state selections are infringing on the holdings of Alaska Natives, who file their own land claims based on aboriginal use and occupancy.

1973
The Secretary of the Interior withdraws 80 million acres of Alaska federal lands to study for federal protection as national parks and forests.

1978
President Jimmy Carter designates 11 million acres of federal lands in Alaska as National Monuments, including what was to become Wrangell-St. Elias.

1979
Wrangell-St. Elias becomes a World Heritage Site.

1980
Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) is enacted - 104.5 million acres of Alaska comes under permanent federal protection. On December 2nd, President Carter designates 13.2 million acres of land as Wrangell St. Elias National Park and Preserve.

Did You Know?

Copper River Delta

The Copper River, which deposits 75 million tons of sediment annually into its delta and the Gulf of Alaska, has built up a layer of silt 600 feet deep. During summer months, the daily sediment transport can be 750,000 cubic feet, one of the largest river sediment loads known.