• The Ray House

    Wilson's Creek

    National Battlefield Missouri

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    Route MM is closed at Exit 70. Bridge reconstruction is scheduled at Exit 70 from Friday, August 8, 2014 to Saturday, November 8, 2014. Visitors should exit I-44 at Highway 360 (exit 69), then exit 360 at MM Highway and continue south to US Highway 60. More »


    The battlefield Tour Road will close to all foot and vehicle traffic at 1 p.m. on Saturday, October 25, 2014 in order to prepare for the Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Foundation's "Bloody Hill Run" event. The road will reopen on Sunday, October 26.


    The National Park Service and the Springfield Library continue their observance of the Civil War Sesquicentennial with a series of programs focusing on 1864. Open the current issue of "Bookends" Magazine (pdf file) in the link for a full schedule. More »


    The Ray House will be closed intermittently through the fall of 2014 while a new roof is installed. We regret any inconvenience. Visitors may wish to call the Visitor Center at (417) 732-2662, ext. 227 to check on the status of the project.

Outdoor Activities

A 4.9 mile paved tour road may be accessed by private vehicle, bicycle, or on foot (rollerblades, skateboards and other similar modes of transport are prohibited). There are eight interpretive stops at significant points on the tour road. There are five walking trails off the tour road for individual exploration, varying in length from 1/4 to 3/4 of a mile (click here for brochure map). A 7-mile trail system for horseback riding and hiking is accessible from the tour road (click here for the Recreational Use Guide map of the trail network). Parking is available in the Visitor Center parking area as well as at each of the eight interpretive stops.

Military Staff Rides

Staff rides began with the Prussian Army in the mid-1800s and with the U.S. Army in the early 1900s as a way to further the development of officers.

They began to gain popularity in the 1960s and 1970s, and today, both the U.S. Army and the U.S. Marine Corps use Staff Rides extensively and define them the same way: "A staff ride consists of systematic preliminary study of a selected campaign, an extensive visit to the actual sites associated with that campaign, and an opportunity to integrate the lessons derived from each. It envisions maximum student involvement before arrival at the site to guarantee thoughtful analysis and discussion. A staff ride thus links a historical event, systematic preliminary study, and actual terrain to produce battle analysis in three dimensions. It consists of three distinct phases: preliminary study, field study, and integration."

A staff ride is a group exercise in which each participant gives a briefing on plans, orders, events, decisions, and individuals. They frequently take on the persona of one of the primary participants in the battle. Afterwards, his/her colleagues question him/her about that participant's view of what has occurred on the battlefield at that point.

Crucial concepts addressed in a staff ride should include the nine principles of war: mass, objective, offensive, surprise, economy of force, maneuver, unity of command, security, and simplicity. These should be covered at each stage of the battle.

Both the Army and Marine Corps determine that "staff rides have often been confused with other exercises that involve the terrain. A tactical exercise without troops (TEWT) uses terrain and hypothetical scenarios, but not history, as a teaching vehicle. A historical battlefield tour is a visit to the site of a battle but involves little or no preliminary systematic study on the part of the student. While a historical tour can stimulate thought and discussion, it is limited by the lack of student preparation and involvement."

The Wilson's Creek Staff Ride book by Major (Ret.) George E. Knapp may be found at this link:

Combat Studies Institute/Command and General Staff College Press

Staff ride participants can find other useful information on the History & Culture pages.

Did You Know?

Joseph Shelby

The term "brother against brother" is often used to describe the Civil War, but at Wilson's Creek it was literally true. Both Joseph Shelby (Missouri State Guard) and his stepbrother Cary Gratz (1st Missouri Infantry, U.S.) fought on Bloody Hill. Gratz was killed during the battle.