Japanese Folk Traditions
Japanese Cultural Revivalism in the Segregation Center
The Tule Lake Segregation Center was notable for the conspicuous embrace of Japanese cultural arts and language. This phenomena of turning to their Japanese cultural roots was described by anthropologist and social psychiatrist Marvin K.Opler as "cultural revivalism," which he viewed as a response of the imprisoned population to assert dignity and self-esteem in a stressful context of racial and cultural degradation. In these two papers, Opler observes how complex emotions and ideas of inmates were given freer expression in Japanese, to think beyond the loyal/disloyal paradigm that was imposed by the English language and the dominant culture; and the rise of traditional Japanese traditions and myths as a response to the stresses of incarceration at Tule Lake.
Opler was employed by the War Relocation Authority as a Community Analyst at Tule Lake, where he researched and filed weekly reports with the purpose of providing information to help the WRA manage its Japanese American prisoners.
Sample Folk Culture Elements Practiced at Tule Lake
This Imperial Rescript of Education was first made public in Japan in 1890. It was recited by school children in the morning before starting classes. It was intended to teach the Japanese tradition of good morals and manners. After WWII, this was no longer taught in Japanese schools. Children who went to Japanese school at Tule Lake would recite this.
Did You Know?
Martial law was imposed on November 14, 1943. The Army took control of the Tule Lake Segregation Center with 1,200 armed soldiers. The 28 guard towers were manned 24/7 by armed soldiers, 8 tanks, 6 patrol cars. The Army had 18 horses used by the guards to patrol the perimeter of the prison.