Reminder, Bison Are Wild Animals
Windmill Pasture is home to the bison herd. They have been quite active in recent weeks. Please stay on the trails and use caution in their vicinity. Do not come in close contact with the bison. Allow at least 100 yards between you and the herd. More »
After climate it can be said that fire is the next most important determinant in the spread and maintenance of prairie grassland. Fire interacts with other factors that influence grassland and determine vegetation patterns. Grasses are generally better adapted to drought than most tree species. Grasslands include climates with periodic drought that permits the vegetation to dry. Lightning which easily sparks the driest regions of prairie started the first fires thousands of years ago.
Therefore, it can be said hunter-gathers and later organized tribes of Plains Indians were North America’s first large-scale land managers.
Did You Know?
There is archaelogocal evidence of humans living here over 10,000 years ago. Tribes affiliated with the preserve are the Kaw, Osage, Wichita, and Pawnee.