• Visitors bask in a golden sunset at Dickey Ridge Visitor Center in Shenandoah National Park

    Shenandoah

    National Park Virginia

Park Statistics

Shenandoah Fact Sheet (pdf 97kb)

2011 Visitor Survey Results (pdf 4.98 MB)

Important Dates:

  • May 22, 1926 - Date Authorized
  • December 26, 1935 - Date Established
  • July 3, 1936 - Park dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Lands Information:

County

Acres

Albemarle County

14,681.16

Augusta County

12,269.42

Greene County

15,284.65

Madison County

33,106.22

Page County

38,613.77

Rappahannock County

31,856.33

Rockingham County

37,968.58

Warren County

13,658.63

Total

197,438.76


Wilderness

Acres

North District

25,100

Central District

21,380

South District

33,099

Total

79,579



Facilities:

Roads and Trails

  • 236 miles of roads, including
    • 105 miles of Skyline Drive
  • 75 overlooks
  • 516 miles of hiking trails, including
    • 200 miles of designated horse trails
    • 101 miles of Appalachian Trail

National Park Service Facilities

  • 4 entrance stations
  • 2 visitor centers
  • 2 boundary contact stations
  • 4 campgrounds
    • Mathews Arm Campground 179 sites
    • Big Meadows Campground 217 sites
    • Lewis Mountain Campground 32 sites
    • Loft Mountain Campground 219 sites
  • 7 picnic areas

DNC Parks & Resorts at Shenandoah, Inc.

  • 3 lodging facilities - 285 rooms total
    • Skyland - 178 rooms
    • Big Meadows Lodge - 97 rooms
    • LewisMountain - 10 rooms
  • 3 waysides
  • 5 food service outlets - 530 seats
  • 7 merchandise outlets
  • 1 gas stations
  • 3 public showers/laundries
  • 1 stable for trail rides
  • 2 conference facilities (Big Meadows and Skyland)
  • Guided hiking and rock climbing

PotomacAppalachian Trail Club

  • 6 backcountry cabins

Natural and Cultural Resources:

Cultural Resources

  • 2 National Historic Landmarks (Rapidan Camp and Skyline Drive National Historic Landmark District)
  • 1 Structure (Corbin Cabin) listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • 351 Buildings and structures included on the List of Classified Structures
  • 609 Significant, recorded archeological sites, 11 of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • 100+ cemeteries

Plants

  • 1406 Vascular plant species
    • 1026 herb species
    • 55 ferns and club moss species
    • 139 shrub species
    • 132 tree species
    • 54 vine species
  • 1046 Native plant species
  • 360 Non-native plant species
    • 41 considered invasive, non-native species
  • 30 Native plant communities described by the National Vegetation Classification System
  • 62 State rare plant species
  • 8 Globally rare plant species
  • 10 Globally rare plant community types
  • 1650 Non-vascular plant species
    • 815 Bryophyte species (mosses, liverworts, hornworts)
    • 476 Fungus species
    • 359 Lichen species
  • 95% of park forested

Animals

  • 53 species of mammals
    • 36 species of small mammals
    • 17 species of mid/large mammals
  • 38 species of fish
    • 10 species of game fish (3 species of trout)
    • 28 species of non-game fish
  • 26 species of reptiles
    • 18 snakes (2 species of poisonous snakes)
    • 5 turtles
    • 3 lizards
  • 24 species of amphibians
    • 10 toads and frogs
    • 14 salamanders and newts (1 Federally endangered salamander)
  • Over 200 species of birds
    • Largest Bird - Wild Turkey
    • Longest Wing Span - Golden Eagle
    • State-threatened Species - Peregrine Falcon (breeding) and Bald Eagle (occasional)

Geologic Resources and Topography

  • Three primary bedrock types - granitic, siliciclastic, basaltic
  • Over 60 peaks with elevation over 3,000 feet
  • Highest peak - Hawksbill at 4,049 feet
  • Lowest elevation - 561 feet near the north end

Water Resources

  • Over 90 streams
  • Highest waterfall - Overall Run - 93 feet
  • Most visited waterfall - Dark Hollow Falls

Weather

  • Temperatures range from -10o to 1000
  • Precipitation Average: 40-50 inches annually

Did You Know?