Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)grows 1-3 feet tall and has flat-topped clusters of orange flowers. Unlike many other flowers that have two whorls, milkweeds have three whorled flowers. The inner whorl is known as the corolla, above that is the corona, and the outermost whorl of sepals is the calyx. The leaves of the butterfly milkweed are stiff and lance-shaped. They differ from all other milkweeds in that they are alternate and do not produce milky white sap. Butterfly milkweedis a perennial herb and flowers throughout June and August. The flowers are followed by green spindle-shaped pods that open and release silky tufted seeds that are wind dispersed.
Butterfly milkweed is found in all states except
Other common names include butterfly milkweed, butterfly weed, chigger-weed, pleurisy root, and Indian paintbrush.
Butterfly milkweed is poisonous if ingested in large quantities. Historically this plant was used to treat lung inflammations by increasing fluidity of mucus in the lungs and bronchial tubes, hence the common name pleurisy root. Butterflies and hummingbirds are attracted to the bright orange flowers of butterfly milkweed and feed on the nectar. Adult female monarch butterflies lay their eggs on the underside of milkweed leaves. When the larvae hatch, they feed exclusively on milkweed leaves. The larvae develop into caterpillars with black, white and yellow stripes. These caterpillars then go into the pupa stage and shortly after emerge as monarch butterflies. Both the caterpillars and butterflies are poisonous to predators because they have taken in the toxins of the milkweed plant. These butterflies then migrate south to
References and Links:
Further information can be found:
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Germplasm Resource Information Network database which is sponsored by the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
PLANTS National Database, a website supported by the Natural Resource Conservation Service.
Did You Know?
The most harmful exotic plants, animals and diseases in Shenandoah National Park include: chestnut blight, Dutch elm disease, dogwood anthracnose, gypsy moths, hemlock woolly adelgids, kudzu, mile-a-minute vine, Oriental bittersweet, and garlic mustard. More...