• Sentinal and Eagle Rocks

    Scotts Bluff

    National Monument Nebraska


Prairie goldenpea and yucca

Yucca and Prairie Goldenpea

NPS photo

Four hundred fifty-two species, subspecies, and varieties of vascular plants have been identified at Scotts Bluff National Monument. The vegetation is divided into three major plant associations:

  1. the moderately dense mixed-grass prairie,
  2. the ponderosa pine/Rocky Mountain juniper/eastern red cedar forests, and
  3. the hardwood association along the floodplain of the North Platte River

Within these plant associations can be further found seven major habitat types: riverine woodland, coniferous woodland, mixed-grass prairie, riparian habitat associated with irrigation canals, pine-studded bluffs, shrub-dominated slopes, and badlands.

In 1995 twenty vegetation "mapping classes" were identified within the boundaries of the Monument in accordance with the Federal Geographic Data Committee's National Vegetation Classification Standard. A vegetation map was produced from this research. The mixed-grass prairie is the predominant vegetative cover of the Monument.

Did You Know?

Returning Astorians

The first white men to see Scotts Bluff were seven men from the Robert Stuart Party on Christmas Day 1812. The Stuart party was on their way from Astoria, OR to St. Louis, MO.