Billy the Kid at Gran Quivira
This being New Mexico, Salinas Pueblo Missions must have its own claim to the famous outlaw Billy the Kid. It was the spring of 1880 and the Kid and his friend John Meadows were heading south. After stopping in Punta de Agua, they continued further south. The search for water took them to Gran Quivira where they stayed overnight. There they found the remains of a great mission. After exploring the mission ruin they found what appeared to be an old irrigation ditch. Meadows guessed that a source of water must have been present, but may have been diverted due to an earthquake or other force. They also noticed a cedar cross at the top of the church ruins. After climbing up to the cross, Meadows suggested taking it down to get a closer look. Billy the Kid then said, "No, John, it has a history and we'll leave some scientific devil do that." The next day they left, heading for Red Lake.
In history and archeology, the placement of an artifact is almost as important as the artifact itself. Removing artifacts destroys the information that may be learned from the relationship to its surroundings. Billy the Kid is a lot of things; outlaw, gunfighter, New Mexico legend. To that list we suggest adding Historic Preservationist.
Did You Know?
The mission of San Gregorio de Abó was started around 1623 and renovated in about 1645. Construction of Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Cuarac at Quaraí was begun in 1627. At Gran Quivira, the small visita church of San Isidro was begun around 1631 and the larger church at Gran Quivira, San Buenaventura, was later started in 1659.