Abo Circular Kiva
To understand just how strange a kiva located in a Spanish mission convento is, you first have to know what a kiva is. A kiva is a usually circular subterranean structure often considered a Puebloan religious area. This is an oversimplification. A kiva was not just a ceremonial area; it was used to educate children, for storage, for meetings, a place to tell stories, a space for weaving, etc. More specifically, a kiva is the Puebloan equivalent of a community center. That said, a kiva is also where Puebloan religious ceremonies were held. So why was a kiva built into the Abo Mission's convento?
Sadly the answer is, we are not sure. What we do know is that this kiva was built about the same time as the Abo church and convento between 1623 and 1628. Possibly this structure was used in early conversion efforts. This may suggest that early on, the relationship between the two faiths was more complex then we currently understand. To further complicate the matter, archeological evidence suggests that following the renovations and expansion of the Abo Mission beginning in 1640, the kiva was filled in and used as a dump for the scraps from the nearby kitchen. Does this show a growing divide between the Spanish and the Puebloans? Or could it show the successful conversion to Catholicism? At this point we do not know. None the less, a kiva within a Spanish Mission raises many questions.
Did You Know?
The caravan that supplied the missions only arrived every three years. Included in one year’s shipment was 45 gallons of sacramental wine, 42 pounds of prepared candle wax, and 26 gallons of lamp oil for illuminating the altar.