Nature & Science
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site preserves the cultural and natural history of the first successfully integrated manufacturing facility for the production of cast and wrought iron in North America.
The historic structures of the Iron Works are nestled along the banks of the Saugus River, an important natural resource for newly-settled families and workers to the area during the 17th century.
The Saugus River and Turning Basin are fundamental features of the historic landscape. The tidally influenced river is a natural resource for the wide variety of plants, animals, and other organisms that depend on the river, riparian woodlands, and surrounding marshes as an important habitat.
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site has high biodiversity. The site contains over two hundred species of plants, 74 species of birds, 11 species of mammals, 4 species of reptiles and amphibians, and at least 11 species of fish.
Despite the small size of Saugus Iron Works, the river and other resources support numerous and interesting species that can be seen by visitors.
Friday Evening Stewardship
Drop in between 4pm - 7pm on selected Fridays (schedule and registration below) to work alongside NPS Natural Resources Stewardship Staff to explore Saugus Iron Works' natural landscape. There will be opportunities to contribute to habitat restoration, citizen science, and to learn of native and exotic species of plants and wildlife. We look forward to seeing you in the Park!
Did You Know?
On Thursday, January 10, 2013 President Obama signed into law HR1339 which designates Salem, Massachusetts as the birthplace of the National Guard. Future ironworks founder John Winthrop, Jr. was commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the East Regiment on March 9, 1636/7. The East Regiment included the communities of Salem, Saugus (changed to Lynn later in 1637), Ipswich, and Newbury.