USGS Open File Report 02-208
Ecological Evaluation of the Abundance and Effect of Elk Herbivory in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, 1994-1999
Part I - Empirical Findings
Chapter Five: Changes Induced by Elk Herbivory in the Aboveground Biomass Production and Distribution of Willow (Salix monticola Bebb): Their Relationship with Plant Water, Carbon, and Nitrogen Dynamics
Part II - Modeling
Did You Know?
The Nerd Herd (aka research volunteers) gave more than 4,500 hours to the park in 2009. These citizen scientists help monitor the health of our resources including bears, elk, plants, hummingbirds, glaciers, and butterflies. More...