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National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

Fort Snelling Upper Bluffs

Barracks buildings number 101 to 103

St. Paul, Minnesota

Founded in 1819, Fort Snelling was the most northwesterly military base in the United States for many years. It was a key bastion on the upper Mississippi and the "Permanent Indian Frontier," which extended as far south as Fort Jesup, Louisiana. The post protected settlers from Indians, cleared the way for the settlement of the old Northwest, and promoted the growth of the fur trade. Later, from 1861 until 1946, it was essentially a training installation. The historic buildings of the fort were deteriorating and nearly collapsed when it received a $150,000 Save America’s Treasures grant in 2006. The funds were used to stabilize and secure 27 buildings in the fort complex.

Photo: Barracks buildings number 101 to 103
– ©Mark Gustafson

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